Meta-analysis of indoor temperatures in new-build housing

Gráinne McGill, Tim Sharpe, Lynette Robertson, Rajat Gupta, Ian Mawditt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
9 Downloads (Pure)


Despite growing concerns about overheating, a lack of evidence exists on the scale of the problem, particularly in contemporary UK housing. This paper presents the results of a meta-analysis of indoor temperatures in selected low-energy housing. Temperature data recorded at five-minute intervals in 60 dwellings across 19 demonstration projects (2012–14) were collated and analysed to investigate the prevalence of overheating. Findings evidence high summertime temperatures, with 27% of living rooms exceeding 28°C during August. Based on the Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) threshold of 5% annual occupied hours > 25°C, 57% of bedrooms and 75% of living rooms were classified as having overheated. Overall, 30% of living rooms exceeded the adaptive comfort threshold of > 3% occupied hours ΔT ≥ 1 K. The results suggest a fundamental relationship between ventilation and indoor temperatures. The higher minimum and average summertime temperatures observed in mechanical ventilation with heat recovery (MVHR) homes (p < 0.05) and lower temperature range (p < 0.001) suggest the need for greater attention to adequate summertime ventilation provision in airtight homes. The results demonstrate a high prevalence of overheating in exemplary housing, indicating the need for greater efforts to ensure the effective implementation of strategies to minimize overheating and improve ventilation in low-energy homes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-39
Number of pages21
JournalBuilding Research and Information
Issue number1-2
Early online date26 Sept 2016
Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2017


  • building performance
  • heat stress
  • housing
  • low-energy buildings
  • overheating
  • thermal performance
  • ventilation
  • vulnerability


Dive into the research topics of 'Meta-analysis of indoor temperatures in new-build housing'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this