Mesenteric arteries from angiotensin II hypertensive mice exhibit a decreased relaxation response to nitroxyl anion when given a high-salt diet

Brandi M Wynne, Hicham Labazi, Rita C Tostes, R Clinton Webb

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstractpeer-review

Abstract

Hypertension is a disorder affecting millions worldwide, and is a leading cause of death and debilitation in the United States. It is widely accepted that during hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases the vasculature exhibits endothelial dysfunction; a deficit in the relaxatory ability of the vessel, attributed to a lack of nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. Recently, the one electron redox variant of NO, nitroxyl anion (NO−) has emerged as an endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) and a candidate for endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDRF). NO− is thought to exist protonated (HNO) in vivo, which would make this species more resistant to scavenging. However, no studies have investigated the role of this redox species during hypertension, and whether the vasculature loses the ability to relax to HNO. Thus, we hypothesize that aorta from angiotensin II (AngII)-hypertensive mice will exhibit a preserved relaxation response to Angeli’s Salt, an HNO donor. Male C57Bl6 mice, aged 12–14 weeks were implanted with mini-osmotic pumps containing AngII (90ng/min, 14 days plus high salt chow) or sham surgery. Aorta were excised, cleaned and used to perform functional studies in a myograph. We found that aorta from AngII-hypertensive mice exhibited a significant endothelial dysfunction as demonstrated by a decrease in acetylcholine (ACh)-mediated relaxation. However, vessels from hypertensive mice exhibited a preserved response to Angeli’s Salt (AS), the HNO donor. To confirm that relaxation responses to HNO were maintained, concentration response curves (CRCs) to ACh were performed in the presence of scavengers to both NO and HNO (carboxy-PTIO and L-cys, resp.). We found that ACh-mediated relaxation responses were significantly decreased in aorta from sham and almost completely abolished in aorta from AngII-treated mice. Vessels incubated with L-cys exhibited a modest decrease in ACh-mediated relaxations responses. These data demonstrate that aorta from AngII-treated hypertensive mice exhibit a preserved relaxation response to AS, an HNO donor, regardless of a significant endothelial dysfunction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E94-E94
Number of pages1
JournalHypertension
Volume54
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2009
Event63rd Annual High Blood Pressure Research Conference 2009 - Chicago, United States
Duration: 23 Sept 200926 Sept 2009

Keywords

  • mesenteric arteries
  • mice
  • high-salt diet

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