Mental wellbeing as a potential protective factor for suicidal and self-harming behaviours

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

Abstract

Introduction: Suicidal and self-harming behaviours (SSHBs) represent significant public health concerns, particularly during adolescence. These behaviours are complex and multifaceted. As such, there is a pressing need to increase understanding regarding the development of these behaviours in adolescents in order to enhance prevention efforts. There is a body of research focusing on the risk factors associated with self-harming and suicidal behaviours. However, protective factors have received less attention within the literature. There is increasing interest in the concept of positive mental health (mental wellbeing) and its contribution to a range of life outcomes. However, to our knowledge, no research has examined the relationship between mental wellbeing and SSHBs.

Goals:This investigation set out to examine the nature of the relationship between mental wellbeing and SSHBs, within an adolescent population, in order to determine if increased mental wellbeing could represent a potential protective factor for these behaviours.

Methods:15 and 16 year old volunteers (n=1046) from Scottish secondary schools completed an anonymous questionnaire battery including questions measuring self-reported self-harm (with and without suicidal intent), mental wellbeing, and demographics (age, gender and race). Mental wellbeing was assessed using the short version of the Warwick Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (WEMWBS) which has been validated for adolescents.

Results: In multivariate logistic regression, increased levels of mental wellbeing were associated with lower odds of suicidal (OR: 0.788, 95% CI 0.737-0.842, p<.001) and self-harming behaviour (OR: 0.810, 95% CI 0.775-0.847, p<.001). The effect of mental wellbeing remained significant when controlling for both age and gender.

Conclusions:These preliminary findings provide novel insights into positive mental well-being as a potential protective factor for the development of suicidal and self-harming behaviours. Positive mental wellbeing can be improved and therefore could offer a potential modifiable clinical target for interventions seeking to tackle self-harm and suicide.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publication16th European Symposium on Suicide and Suicidal Behaviour
Place of PublicationOviedo, Spain
Publication statusPublished - 8 Sep 2016
Event16th European Symposium on Suicide and Suicidal Behaviour - Príncipe Felipe Congress Hall-Auditorium, Oviedo, Spain
Duration: 8 Sep 201610 Sep 2016
http://esssb16.org/

Conference

Conference16th European Symposium on Suicide and Suicidal Behaviour
Abbreviated titleESSSB
CountrySpain
CityOviedo
Period8/09/1610/09/16
Internet address

Fingerprint

Adolescent Behavior
Protective Factors
Research
Suicide
Volunteers
Mental Health
Public Health
Logistic Models
Demography
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • self-harming
  • suicidal behaviours
  • mental wellbeing

Cite this

Russell, K., Rasmussen, S., & Hunter, S. (2016). Mental wellbeing as a potential protective factor for suicidal and self-harming behaviours. In 16th European Symposium on Suicide and Suicidal Behaviour Oviedo, Spain.
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title = "Mental wellbeing as a potential protective factor for suicidal and self-harming behaviours",
abstract = "Introduction: Suicidal and self-harming behaviours (SSHBs) represent significant public health concerns, particularly during adolescence. These behaviours are complex and multifaceted. As such, there is a pressing need to increase understanding regarding the development of these behaviours in adolescents in order to enhance prevention efforts. There is a body of research focusing on the risk factors associated with self-harming and suicidal behaviours. However, protective factors have received less attention within the literature. There is increasing interest in the concept of positive mental health (mental wellbeing) and its contribution to a range of life outcomes. However, to our knowledge, no research has examined the relationship between mental wellbeing and SSHBs. Goals:This investigation set out to examine the nature of the relationship between mental wellbeing and SSHBs, within an adolescent population, in order to determine if increased mental wellbeing could represent a potential protective factor for these behaviours.Methods:15 and 16 year old volunteers (n=1046) from Scottish secondary schools completed an anonymous questionnaire battery including questions measuring self-reported self-harm (with and without suicidal intent), mental wellbeing, and demographics (age, gender and race). Mental wellbeing was assessed using the short version of the Warwick Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (WEMWBS) which has been validated for adolescents. Results: In multivariate logistic regression, increased levels of mental wellbeing were associated with lower odds of suicidal (OR: 0.788, 95{\%} CI 0.737-0.842, p<.001) and self-harming behaviour (OR: 0.810, 95{\%} CI 0.775-0.847, p<.001). The effect of mental wellbeing remained significant when controlling for both age and gender.Conclusions:These preliminary findings provide novel insights into positive mental well-being as a potential protective factor for the development of suicidal and self-harming behaviours. Positive mental wellbeing can be improved and therefore could offer a potential modifiable clinical target for interventions seeking to tackle self-harm and suicide.",
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Russell, K, Rasmussen, S & Hunter, S 2016, Mental wellbeing as a potential protective factor for suicidal and self-harming behaviours. in 16th European Symposium on Suicide and Suicidal Behaviour . Oviedo, Spain, 16th European Symposium on Suicide and Suicidal Behaviour, Oviedo, Spain, 8/09/16.

Mental wellbeing as a potential protective factor for suicidal and self-harming behaviours. / Russell, Kirsten; Rasmussen, Susan; Hunter, Simon.

16th European Symposium on Suicide and Suicidal Behaviour . Oviedo, Spain, 2016.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

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T1 - Mental wellbeing as a potential protective factor for suicidal and self-harming behaviours

AU - Russell, Kirsten

AU - Rasmussen, Susan

AU - Hunter, Simon

PY - 2016/9/8

Y1 - 2016/9/8

N2 - Introduction: Suicidal and self-harming behaviours (SSHBs) represent significant public health concerns, particularly during adolescence. These behaviours are complex and multifaceted. As such, there is a pressing need to increase understanding regarding the development of these behaviours in adolescents in order to enhance prevention efforts. There is a body of research focusing on the risk factors associated with self-harming and suicidal behaviours. However, protective factors have received less attention within the literature. There is increasing interest in the concept of positive mental health (mental wellbeing) and its contribution to a range of life outcomes. However, to our knowledge, no research has examined the relationship between mental wellbeing and SSHBs. Goals:This investigation set out to examine the nature of the relationship between mental wellbeing and SSHBs, within an adolescent population, in order to determine if increased mental wellbeing could represent a potential protective factor for these behaviours.Methods:15 and 16 year old volunteers (n=1046) from Scottish secondary schools completed an anonymous questionnaire battery including questions measuring self-reported self-harm (with and without suicidal intent), mental wellbeing, and demographics (age, gender and race). Mental wellbeing was assessed using the short version of the Warwick Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (WEMWBS) which has been validated for adolescents. Results: In multivariate logistic regression, increased levels of mental wellbeing were associated with lower odds of suicidal (OR: 0.788, 95% CI 0.737-0.842, p<.001) and self-harming behaviour (OR: 0.810, 95% CI 0.775-0.847, p<.001). The effect of mental wellbeing remained significant when controlling for both age and gender.Conclusions:These preliminary findings provide novel insights into positive mental well-being as a potential protective factor for the development of suicidal and self-harming behaviours. Positive mental wellbeing can be improved and therefore could offer a potential modifiable clinical target for interventions seeking to tackle self-harm and suicide.

AB - Introduction: Suicidal and self-harming behaviours (SSHBs) represent significant public health concerns, particularly during adolescence. These behaviours are complex and multifaceted. As such, there is a pressing need to increase understanding regarding the development of these behaviours in adolescents in order to enhance prevention efforts. There is a body of research focusing on the risk factors associated with self-harming and suicidal behaviours. However, protective factors have received less attention within the literature. There is increasing interest in the concept of positive mental health (mental wellbeing) and its contribution to a range of life outcomes. However, to our knowledge, no research has examined the relationship between mental wellbeing and SSHBs. Goals:This investigation set out to examine the nature of the relationship between mental wellbeing and SSHBs, within an adolescent population, in order to determine if increased mental wellbeing could represent a potential protective factor for these behaviours.Methods:15 and 16 year old volunteers (n=1046) from Scottish secondary schools completed an anonymous questionnaire battery including questions measuring self-reported self-harm (with and without suicidal intent), mental wellbeing, and demographics (age, gender and race). Mental wellbeing was assessed using the short version of the Warwick Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (WEMWBS) which has been validated for adolescents. Results: In multivariate logistic regression, increased levels of mental wellbeing were associated with lower odds of suicidal (OR: 0.788, 95% CI 0.737-0.842, p<.001) and self-harming behaviour (OR: 0.810, 95% CI 0.775-0.847, p<.001). The effect of mental wellbeing remained significant when controlling for both age and gender.Conclusions:These preliminary findings provide novel insights into positive mental well-being as a potential protective factor for the development of suicidal and self-harming behaviours. Positive mental wellbeing can be improved and therefore could offer a potential modifiable clinical target for interventions seeking to tackle self-harm and suicide.

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KW - suicidal behaviours

KW - mental wellbeing

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M3 - Conference contribution book

BT - 16th European Symposium on Suicide and Suicidal Behaviour

CY - Oviedo, Spain

ER -

Russell K, Rasmussen S, Hunter S. Mental wellbeing as a potential protective factor for suicidal and self-harming behaviours. In 16th European Symposium on Suicide and Suicidal Behaviour . Oviedo, Spain. 2016