Memory development in the second year: for events and locations

James Russell, Doreen Thompson, J. Mehler (Editor)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We employed an object-placement/object-removal design, inspired by recent work on 'episodic-like' memory in scrub jays (Clayton, N. S., and Dickinson, A. (1998). Episodic-like memory during cache recovery by scrub jays. Nature, 395, 272-274), to examine the possibility that children in the second year of life have event-based memories. In one task, a successful search could have been due to the recall of an object-removal event. In the second task, a successful search could only have been caused by recall of where objects were located. Success was general in the oldest group of children (21-25 months), while performance was broadly similar on the two tasks. The parsimonious interpretation of this outcome is that the first task was performed by location memory, not by event memory. We place these data in the context of object permanence development.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)97-105
    Number of pages8
    JournalCognition
    Volume87
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

    Keywords

    • memory
    • cognition
    • episodic memory
    • infant memory
    • object search
    • location memory
    • object permanence
    • social psychology
    • educational psychology

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