An MJ-class superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) system has a wide range of potential applications in electric power systems. The composite high-temperature superconducting HTS conductor, which has the advantages of carrying large critical currents and withstanding high magnetic fields, is suitable for winding an MJ-class magnet coil. However, the Lorentz force of an HTS wire is so large that its induced mechanical stresses should be examined to ensure that the magnet is in good condition. By means of the equivalent material properties method and the sequential coupling method, this paper studies the mechanical properties of a three MJ toroidal SMES magnet wound by a composite HTS conductor. Based on the electromagnetic-structural coupling analysis, the Von-Mises stress, the radial stress, and the hoop stress of a magnet coil are calculated and employed to validate the stability of the MJ-class toroidal SMES magnet.
- composite HTS conductor
- equivalent material properties
- mechanical analysis
- sequential coupling