Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon

J. Leach, M.J. Padgett, S.M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, J. Courtial

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Abstract

We propose an interferometric method for measuring the orbital angular momentum of single photons. We demonstrate its viability by sorting four different orbital angular momentum states, and are thus able to encode two bits of information on a single photon. This new approach has implications for entanglement experiments, quantum cryptography and high density information transfer.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257901-1
Number of pages257900
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume88
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jun 2002

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Keywords

  • photons
  • orbital angular momentum
  • entanglement
  • quantum cryptography
  • high density information transfer
  • photonics
  • optics

Cite this

Leach, J., Padgett, M. J., Barnett, S. M., Franke-Arnold, S., & Courtial, J. (2002). Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon. Physical Review Letters, 88(25), 257901-1. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.88.257901