Measurements of pulse modulation in an ECM

K. Ronald, A.W. Cross, A.D.R. Phelps, W. He, C.G. Whyte, J. Thomson, E. Rafferty, I.V. Konoplev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report on experiments which have recently been conducted at the University of Strathclyde investigating rapid amplitude modulations occurring in the microwave output radiation of an electron cyclotron maser (ECM). The experiment used an electron beam injected from a co-axial diode with knife-edged graphite cathode in the fringing field of an adjustable magnet system producing a beam of up to 175 kV and 140 A. The time evolution of the electron beam was measured as the cathode plasma expanded using a Faraday cup in conjunction with upstream beam interceptors as a function of the magnetic compression ratio. The ECM cavity was configured so that its length and the length of the interaction space could be readily adjusted. The microwave output signal was studied using special fast rectifying diode detectors, a high performance deep memory oscilloscope and cut-off filters. Steady-state output was observed at high magnetic compression ratios (16:1) at a frequency of 16 GHz corresponding to cyclotron resonant maser (CRM) coupling between the beam and the radiation in the expected TE1,2 mode. At lower compression ratios modulation was observed after an initial steady-state period and shown by antenna pattern measurements to be associated with transverse mode competition in the microwave cavity.
LanguageEnglish
Pages120-124
Number of pages4
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume528
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2004

Fingerprint

Pulse modulation
pulse modulation
Masers
compression ratio
Cyclotrons
masers
magnetic compression
cyclotrons
Microwaves
microwaves
Electrons
output
Electron beams
Diodes
Cathodes
cathodes
diodes
interceptors
electron beams
Radiation

Keywords

  • ECM
  • pulse modulation
  • gyrotron
  • microwave source
  • plasma

Cite this

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abstract = "We report on experiments which have recently been conducted at the University of Strathclyde investigating rapid amplitude modulations occurring in the microwave output radiation of an electron cyclotron maser (ECM). The experiment used an electron beam injected from a co-axial diode with knife-edged graphite cathode in the fringing field of an adjustable magnet system producing a beam of up to 175 kV and 140 A. The time evolution of the electron beam was measured as the cathode plasma expanded using a Faraday cup in conjunction with upstream beam interceptors as a function of the magnetic compression ratio. The ECM cavity was configured so that its length and the length of the interaction space could be readily adjusted. The microwave output signal was studied using special fast rectifying diode detectors, a high performance deep memory oscilloscope and cut-off filters. Steady-state output was observed at high magnetic compression ratios (16:1) at a frequency of 16 GHz corresponding to cyclotron resonant maser (CRM) coupling between the beam and the radiation in the expected TE1,2 mode. At lower compression ratios modulation was observed after an initial steady-state period and shown by antenna pattern measurements to be associated with transverse mode competition in the microwave cavity.",
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Measurements of pulse modulation in an ECM. / Ronald, K.; Cross, A.W.; Phelps, A.D.R.; He, W.; Whyte, C.G.; Thomson, J.; Rafferty, E.; Konoplev, I.V.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 528, No. 1-2, 08.2004, p. 120-124.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Cross, A.W.

AU - Phelps, A.D.R.

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AU - Whyte, C.G.

AU - Thomson, J.

AU - Rafferty, E.

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KW - ECM

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