Measurement of residual stresses induced by sequential weld buttering and cladding operations involving a 2.25Cr-1Mo substrate material

Y. Javadi, J.N. Walsh, A. Elrefaey, M.J. Roy, J.A. Francis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)
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Dissimilar metal welds are necessary in high-pressure subsea systems and in cases where forged components must be welded to pipelines. F22 (2.25Cr-1Mo) steel is often used in such forged steel components and, since this steel cannot enter service without undergoing post-weld heat treatment (PWHT), the components are usually prepared for field welds through the application of a buttering layer. Furthermore, a weld overlay is deposited for the purpose of mitigating corrosion. This combination of multiple welding tasks and dissimilar materials leads to the possibility of developing substantial residual stresses. This study aims to provide insights to the evolution of residual stresses at each stage of the welding operation. The assessment has been undertaken on laboratory-scale weld mock-ups using the contour method for residual stress measurement, and incremental centre hole drilling. It was found that both buttering and cladding introduce near-yield levels of tensile residual stresses, but that these stresses are successfully relieved upon PWHT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-74
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping
Early online date6 Jun 2017
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jul 2017



  • nozzle-to-pipe weld
  • offshore welding
  • safe-end weld
  • subsea installations
  • weld modelling
  • weld overlay

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