Measurement of nitrous oxide emission from agricultural land using micrometeorological methods

K J Hargreaves, F G Wienhold, L Klemedtsson, J R M Arah, I J Beverland, D Fowler, B Galle, D W T Griffith, U Skiba, K A Smith, M Welling, G W Harris

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Abstract

The spatial variability of N2O emission from soil makes extrapolation to the field scale very difficult using conventional chamber techniques (<1 m(2)). Micrometeorological techniques, which integrate N2O fluxes over areas of 0.1 to 1 km(2) were therefore developed and compared with chamber methods over arable cropland. Measurements of N2O emission from an unfertilised organic soil (reclaimed from the sea in 1879) were made over a 10 d period at Lammefjord, Denmark. Flux-gradient and conditional sampling techniques were applied using two tunable diode laser spectrometers (TDLs), a Fourier transform infra-red spectrometer (FTIR) and a gas chromatograph (GC). Eddy covariance measurements were also made by the TDLs. Over the 10 d campaign approximately 5 d of continuous fluxes by the different methods were obtained. Fluxes determined by eddy covariance were in reasonable agreement, showing a mean flux of 269 mu g N m(2) h(-1). Flux-gradient techniques measured a mean flux of 226 mu g N m(-2) h(-1). The mean flux measured by conditional sampling was 379 mu g N m(-2) h(-1). The maximum annual emission of N2O from this soil system was estimated to be 23.5 kg N ha(-1).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1563-1571
Number of pages9
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume30
Issue number10-11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1996

Keywords

  • eddy covariance
  • conditional sampling
  • flux gradient
  • Bowen ratio
  • nitrous oxide
  • greenhouse gas
  • flux

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