MD simulation of stress-assisted nanometric cutting mechanism of 3C silicon carbide

Lei Liu, Zongwei Xu, Alexander Hartmaier, Xichun Luo, Junjie Zhang, Kai Nordlund, Mathias Rommel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
22 Downloads (Pure)


Purpose: This paper aims to reveal the mechanism for improving ductile machinability of 3C-silicon carbide (SiC) and associated cutting mechanism in stress-assisted nanometric cutting. Design/methodology/approach: Molecular dynamics simulation of nano-cutting 3C-SiC is carried out in this paper. The following two scenarios are considered: normal nanometric cutting of 3C-SiC; and stress-assisted nanometric cutting of 3C-SiC for comparison. Chip formation, phase transformation, dislocation activities and shear strain during nanometric cutting are analyzed. Findings: Negative rake angle can produce necessary hydrostatic stress to achieve ductile removal by the extrusion in ductile regime machining. In ductile-brittle transition, deformation mechanism of 3C-SiC is combination of plastic deformation dominated by dislocation activities and localization of shear deformation. When cutting depth is greater than 10 nm, material removal is mainly achieved by shear. Stress-assisted machining can lead to better quality of machined surface. However, there is a threshold for the applied stress to fully gain advantages offered by stress-assisted machining. Stress-assisted machining further enhances plastic deformation ability through the active dislocations’ movements. Originality/value: This work describes a stress-assisted machining method for improving the surface quality, which could improve 3C-SiC ductile machining ability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)686-691
Number of pages6
Journal Industrial Lubrication and Tribology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jul 2019


  • molecular dynamics simulation
  • 3C–SiC
  • ductile-brittle transition
  • pre-stressed machining


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