Maximum likelihood DOA estimation in unknown colored noise fields

M. Li, Y. Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation in unknown noise environments is an important but challenging problem. Several methods based on maximum likelihood (ML) criteria and parameterization of signals or noise covariances have been established. Generally, to obtain the exact ML (EML) solutions, the DOAs must be jointly estimated along with other noise or signal parameters by optimizing a complicated nonlinear function over a high-dimensional problem space. Although the computation complexity can be reduced via derivation of suboptimal approximate ML (AML) functions using large sample assumption or least square criteria, nevertheless the AML estimators still require multi-dimensional search and the accuracy is lost to some extent. A particle swarm optimization (PSO) based solution is proposed here to compute the EML functions and explore the potential superior performances. A key characteristic of PSO is that the algorithm itself is highly robust yet remarkably simple to implement, while processing similar capabilities as other evolutionary algorithms such as the genetic algorithm (GA). Simulation results confirm the advantage of paring PSO with EML, and the PSO-EML estimator is shown to significantly outperform AML-based techniques in various scenarios at less computational costs.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1079-1090
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008

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Direction of arrival
Particle swarm optimization (PSO)
Maximum likelihood
Parameterization
Evolutionary algorithms
Genetic algorithms
Processing
Costs

Keywords

  • particle swarm optimization
  • correlated gaussian-noise
  • of-arrival estimation
  • multiple sources
  • parameter-estimation
  • covariance
  • electromagnetics
  • localization
  • performance

Cite this

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title = "Maximum likelihood DOA estimation in unknown colored noise fields",
abstract = "Direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation in unknown noise environments is an important but challenging problem. Several methods based on maximum likelihood (ML) criteria and parameterization of signals or noise covariances have been established. Generally, to obtain the exact ML (EML) solutions, the DOAs must be jointly estimated along with other noise or signal parameters by optimizing a complicated nonlinear function over a high-dimensional problem space. Although the computation complexity can be reduced via derivation of suboptimal approximate ML (AML) functions using large sample assumption or least square criteria, nevertheless the AML estimators still require multi-dimensional search and the accuracy is lost to some extent. A particle swarm optimization (PSO) based solution is proposed here to compute the EML functions and explore the potential superior performances. A key characteristic of PSO is that the algorithm itself is highly robust yet remarkably simple to implement, while processing similar capabilities as other evolutionary algorithms such as the genetic algorithm (GA). Simulation results confirm the advantage of paring PSO with EML, and the PSO-EML estimator is shown to significantly outperform AML-based techniques in various scenarios at less computational costs.",
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Maximum likelihood DOA estimation in unknown colored noise fields. / Li, M.; Lu, Y.

In: IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, Vol. 44, No. 3, 07.2008, p. 1079-1090.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation in unknown noise environments is an important but challenging problem. Several methods based on maximum likelihood (ML) criteria and parameterization of signals or noise covariances have been established. Generally, to obtain the exact ML (EML) solutions, the DOAs must be jointly estimated along with other noise or signal parameters by optimizing a complicated nonlinear function over a high-dimensional problem space. Although the computation complexity can be reduced via derivation of suboptimal approximate ML (AML) functions using large sample assumption or least square criteria, nevertheless the AML estimators still require multi-dimensional search and the accuracy is lost to some extent. A particle swarm optimization (PSO) based solution is proposed here to compute the EML functions and explore the potential superior performances. A key characteristic of PSO is that the algorithm itself is highly robust yet remarkably simple to implement, while processing similar capabilities as other evolutionary algorithms such as the genetic algorithm (GA). Simulation results confirm the advantage of paring PSO with EML, and the PSO-EML estimator is shown to significantly outperform AML-based techniques in various scenarios at less computational costs.

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