Mating vibrational signal transmission through and between plants of an agricultural pest, the Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter

Shira Gordon, Ben Tiller, James Windmill, Peter Narins, Rodrigo Krugner

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstract

7 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The agricultural pest, glassy-winged sharpshooter (GWSS), Homalodisca vitripennis, relies primarily on successful vibrational communication across its home plant. Males and females engage in a vibrational duet to identify correct species, attractiveness of mate, and location on the plant. The signal produced by these animals has a dominant frequency component between 80 and 120 Hz, with harmonics spaced approximately 100 Hz apart. However, our analysis revealed that not all harmonics are present in every recorded signal. Therefore, we sought to understand how the GWSS vibrational communication signal changes over distance on the plant. We have confirmed that first, with increasing distance fewer high frequency harmonics are present. Second, at distances of only 50 cm, there is a difference in the latency of signal arrival based on the frequency, with higher frequencies arriving sooner. Finally, the animal appears to generate no airborne signal component, yet, the low frequencies are clearly detectable in neighboring plants by the signal “jumping” from leaf-to-air-to-leaf. Together, these results highlight the complexity of vibration transmission in plants and the possibility of alteration and disruption of the GWSS signal.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1796
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume143
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 May 2018
Event175th Meeting: Acoustical Society of America - Minneapolis, United States
Duration: 7 May 201811 May 2018

Fingerprint

signal transmission
harmonics
leaves
animals
communication
Vibration
Air
Pest
arrivals
low frequencies
vibration
air
Harmonics

Keywords

  • vibrational signal transmission
  • glassy winged sharpshooter
  • high frequency harmony

Cite this

@article{e9b142a3b1114367b672cd84b33cdb7c,
title = "Mating vibrational signal transmission through and between plants of an agricultural pest, the Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter",
abstract = "The agricultural pest, glassy-winged sharpshooter (GWSS), Homalodisca vitripennis, relies primarily on successful vibrational communication across its home plant. Males and females engage in a vibrational duet to identify correct species, attractiveness of mate, and location on the plant. The signal produced by these animals has a dominant frequency component between 80 and 120 Hz, with harmonics spaced approximately 100 Hz apart. However, our analysis revealed that not all harmonics are present in every recorded signal. Therefore, we sought to understand how the GWSS vibrational communication signal changes over distance on the plant. We have confirmed that first, with increasing distance fewer high frequency harmonics are present. Second, at distances of only 50 cm, there is a difference in the latency of signal arrival based on the frequency, with higher frequencies arriving sooner. Finally, the animal appears to generate no airborne signal component, yet, the low frequencies are clearly detectable in neighboring plants by the signal “jumping” from leaf-to-air-to-leaf. Together, these results highlight the complexity of vibration transmission in plants and the possibility of alteration and disruption of the GWSS signal.",
keywords = "vibrational signal transmission, glassy winged sharpshooter, high frequency harmony",
author = "Shira Gordon and Ben Tiller and James Windmill and Peter Narins and Rodrigo Krugner",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1121/1.5035875",
language = "English",
volume = "143",
journal = "Journal of the Acoustical Society of America",
issn = "0001-4966",
number = "3",

}

Mating vibrational signal transmission through and between plants of an agricultural pest, the Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter. / Gordon, Shira; Tiller, Ben; Windmill, James; Narins, Peter; Krugner, Rodrigo.

In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 143, No. 3, 1796, 08.05.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstract

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mating vibrational signal transmission through and between plants of an agricultural pest, the Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter

AU - Gordon, Shira

AU - Tiller, Ben

AU - Windmill, James

AU - Narins, Peter

AU - Krugner, Rodrigo

PY - 2018/5/8

Y1 - 2018/5/8

N2 - The agricultural pest, glassy-winged sharpshooter (GWSS), Homalodisca vitripennis, relies primarily on successful vibrational communication across its home plant. Males and females engage in a vibrational duet to identify correct species, attractiveness of mate, and location on the plant. The signal produced by these animals has a dominant frequency component between 80 and 120 Hz, with harmonics spaced approximately 100 Hz apart. However, our analysis revealed that not all harmonics are present in every recorded signal. Therefore, we sought to understand how the GWSS vibrational communication signal changes over distance on the plant. We have confirmed that first, with increasing distance fewer high frequency harmonics are present. Second, at distances of only 50 cm, there is a difference in the latency of signal arrival based on the frequency, with higher frequencies arriving sooner. Finally, the animal appears to generate no airborne signal component, yet, the low frequencies are clearly detectable in neighboring plants by the signal “jumping” from leaf-to-air-to-leaf. Together, these results highlight the complexity of vibration transmission in plants and the possibility of alteration and disruption of the GWSS signal.

AB - The agricultural pest, glassy-winged sharpshooter (GWSS), Homalodisca vitripennis, relies primarily on successful vibrational communication across its home plant. Males and females engage in a vibrational duet to identify correct species, attractiveness of mate, and location on the plant. The signal produced by these animals has a dominant frequency component between 80 and 120 Hz, with harmonics spaced approximately 100 Hz apart. However, our analysis revealed that not all harmonics are present in every recorded signal. Therefore, we sought to understand how the GWSS vibrational communication signal changes over distance on the plant. We have confirmed that first, with increasing distance fewer high frequency harmonics are present. Second, at distances of only 50 cm, there is a difference in the latency of signal arrival based on the frequency, with higher frequencies arriving sooner. Finally, the animal appears to generate no airborne signal component, yet, the low frequencies are clearly detectable in neighboring plants by the signal “jumping” from leaf-to-air-to-leaf. Together, these results highlight the complexity of vibration transmission in plants and the possibility of alteration and disruption of the GWSS signal.

KW - vibrational signal transmission

KW - glassy winged sharpshooter

KW - high frequency harmony

U2 - 10.1121/1.5035875

DO - 10.1121/1.5035875

M3 - Meeting abstract

VL - 143

JO - Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

JF - Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

SN - 0001-4966

IS - 3

M1 - 1796

ER -