Mass spectrometry locates local and allosteric conformational changes that occur on cofactor binding

Rebecca Beveridge, Lukasz G. Migas, Karl A. P. Payne, Nigel S. Scrutton, David Leys, Perdita E. Barran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Fdc1 is a decarboxylase enzyme that requires the novel prenylated FMN cofactor for activity. Here, we use it as an exemplar system to show how native top-down and bottom-up mass spectrometry can measure the structural effect of cofactor binding by a protein. For Fdc1Ubix, the cofactor confers structural stability to the enzyme. IM–MS shows the holo protein to exist in four closely related conformational families, the populations of which differ in the apo form; the two smaller families are more populated in the presence of the cofactor and depopulated in its absence. These findings, supported by MD simulations, indicate a more open structure for the apo form. HDX-MS reveals that while the dominant structural changes occur proximal to the cofactor-binding site, rearrangements on cofactor binding are evident throughout the protein, predominantly attributable to allosteric conformational tightening, consistent with IM–MS data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalNature Communications
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2016

Keywords

  • cofactor binding
  • mass spectrometry
  • decarboxylase enzyme

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