Marine propeller underwater radiated noise prediction with the FWH acoustic analogy part 1: assessment of model scale propeller hydroacoustic performance under uniform and inclined flow conditions

Savas Sezen, Mehmet Atlar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
20 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper explores hydrodynamic performance, including cavitation and URN for the benchmark model scale propeller, The Princess Royal, operating under uniform and inclined flow conditions. In the numerical calculations, the DES method and the k-ω SST turbulence model were utilised to solve the cavitating flow around the propeller and determine the source field for the sound propagation. Also, the developed V-AMR advanced meshing technique was applied for accurately solving the tip vortex flow and hence better representation of the tip vortex cavitation in the propeller slipstream. The Schnerr-Sauer mass transfer model was used to model the cavitation on and off the propeller blades, whereas the cavitating propeller URN was predicted using the permeable formulation of the FWH equation. The numerical results were first validated with the available experimental data in model scale in a wide range of operating conditions through the propeller hydrodynamic performance characteristics, cavitation extensions and URN. Then, the numerical URN predictions were extrapolated to full-scale with the aid of the ITTC procedure to compare the CFD predictions with the extrapolated measured data obtained by different testing facilities within the scope of a recently conducted international round-robin test campaign. The results showed that the sheet and tip vortex cavitation was generally modelled successfully in the numerical calculations compared to the model-scale experimental observations in different facilities. The propeller URN predictions were in good agreement with the measured data in model scale, although some URN level discrepancies (i.e., around 5 and 10 dB) were observed between numerical predictions and model-scale measurements at certain frequencies in the low-frequency region of the noise spectrum. By taking the URN level differences measured in each facility into account, the full-scale extrapolated propeller URN predictions satisfactorily agree with the extrapolated full-scale experimental test data. Therefore, this study confirms that the CFD methods, together with the acoustic analogy, can be used for predicting the propeller URN, similar to other traditional ship hydrodynamic phenomena (e.g., resistance, self-propulsion, cavitation etc.).
Original languageEnglish
Article number114552
Number of pages19
JournalOcean Engineering
Volume279
Early online date19 Apr 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • AMR
  • cavitation
  • CFD
  • DES
  • FWH
  • The Princess Royal
  • TVC

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