Mapping blade angle effects for the erosion of polymer based composites: an approach to developing smart materials for tidal turbines

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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Abstract

Tribology in marine renewable technologies has become of increasing interest due to the implications for developing improved materials for tidal and wave energy conversion devices. For tidal devices, the materials of interest are primarily polymer based composite materials that are used to provide structural integrity while reducing weight. These are specifically applied to turbine blades to withstanding the high impact loadings in sea water conditions. At present, current materials in test trials have demonstrated some limitaions in service. In this paper, fundamental research has been carried out to investigate tribological mechanisms of potential candidate composite materials to be used in tidal turbines by firstly considering the effects of various erosion parameters on the degaradation modes, with and without particles in sea water conditions. The erosion mechanisms of composite materials used in tidal turbine blades have been evaluated using Scanning Electron Microscopy techniques to analyse the surface morphologies following testing in water representative of the constituents of costal sea water. Generic erosion maps have been constructed as a first step approach to identify regions of minimum erosion for the operating conditions and to identify the significant effect of the sea water environment on the degradation of the composite.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 6 Sep 2015
Event11th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC2015) - Cité des Congrès de Nantes, Nantes, France
Duration: 6 Sep 201511 Sep 2015

Conference

Conference11th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC2015)
CountryFrance
CityNantes
Period6/09/1511/09/15

Fingerprint

Intelligent materials
Erosion
Turbines
Composite materials
Polymers
Water
Turbomachine blades
Wave energy conversion
Tribology
Structural integrity
Surface morphology
Degradation
Scanning electron microscopy
Testing

Keywords

  • G.10 GFRP composite
  • tidal turbine blades
  • composite blade degradation
  • solid particle erosion
  • erosion rate
  • particle velocity
  • impingement angle
  • Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)

Cite this

@conference{e68d80fbce104ca0aaa527eb7845a4f6,
title = "Mapping blade angle effects for the erosion of polymer based composites: an approach to developing smart materials for tidal turbines",
abstract = "Tribology in marine renewable technologies has become of increasing interest due to the implications for developing improved materials for tidal and wave energy conversion devices. For tidal devices, the materials of interest are primarily polymer based composite materials that are used to provide structural integrity while reducing weight. These are specifically applied to turbine blades to withstanding the high impact loadings in sea water conditions. At present, current materials in test trials have demonstrated some limitaions in service. In this paper, fundamental research has been carried out to investigate tribological mechanisms of potential candidate composite materials to be used in tidal turbines by firstly considering the effects of various erosion parameters on the degaradation modes, with and without particles in sea water conditions. The erosion mechanisms of composite materials used in tidal turbine blades have been evaluated using Scanning Electron Microscopy techniques to analyse the surface morphologies following testing in water representative of the constituents of costal sea water. Generic erosion maps have been constructed as a first step approach to identify regions of minimum erosion for the operating conditions and to identify the significant effect of the sea water environment on the degradation of the composite.",
keywords = "G.10 GFRP composite, tidal turbine blades, composite blade degradation, solid particle erosion, erosion rate, particle velocity, impingement angle, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)",
author = "Ahamed, {Rafee A.R.} and Johnstone, {Cameron M.} and Stack, {Margaret M.}",
year = "2015",
month = "9",
day = "6",
language = "English",
note = "11th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC2015) ; Conference date: 06-09-2015 Through 11-09-2015",

}

Ahamed, RAR, Johnstone, CM & Stack, MM 2015, 'Mapping blade angle effects for the erosion of polymer based composites: an approach to developing smart materials for tidal turbines', Paper presented at 11th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC2015), Nantes, France, 6/09/15 - 11/09/15.

Mapping blade angle effects for the erosion of polymer based composites : an approach to developing smart materials for tidal turbines. / Ahamed, Rafee A.R.; Johnstone, Cameron M.; Stack, Margaret M.

2015. Paper presented at 11th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC2015), Nantes, France.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Mapping blade angle effects for the erosion of polymer based composites

T2 - an approach to developing smart materials for tidal turbines

AU - Ahamed, Rafee A.R.

AU - Johnstone, Cameron M.

AU - Stack, Margaret M.

PY - 2015/9/6

Y1 - 2015/9/6

N2 - Tribology in marine renewable technologies has become of increasing interest due to the implications for developing improved materials for tidal and wave energy conversion devices. For tidal devices, the materials of interest are primarily polymer based composite materials that are used to provide structural integrity while reducing weight. These are specifically applied to turbine blades to withstanding the high impact loadings in sea water conditions. At present, current materials in test trials have demonstrated some limitaions in service. In this paper, fundamental research has been carried out to investigate tribological mechanisms of potential candidate composite materials to be used in tidal turbines by firstly considering the effects of various erosion parameters on the degaradation modes, with and without particles in sea water conditions. The erosion mechanisms of composite materials used in tidal turbine blades have been evaluated using Scanning Electron Microscopy techniques to analyse the surface morphologies following testing in water representative of the constituents of costal sea water. Generic erosion maps have been constructed as a first step approach to identify regions of minimum erosion for the operating conditions and to identify the significant effect of the sea water environment on the degradation of the composite.

AB - Tribology in marine renewable technologies has become of increasing interest due to the implications for developing improved materials for tidal and wave energy conversion devices. For tidal devices, the materials of interest are primarily polymer based composite materials that are used to provide structural integrity while reducing weight. These are specifically applied to turbine blades to withstanding the high impact loadings in sea water conditions. At present, current materials in test trials have demonstrated some limitaions in service. In this paper, fundamental research has been carried out to investigate tribological mechanisms of potential candidate composite materials to be used in tidal turbines by firstly considering the effects of various erosion parameters on the degaradation modes, with and without particles in sea water conditions. The erosion mechanisms of composite materials used in tidal turbine blades have been evaluated using Scanning Electron Microscopy techniques to analyse the surface morphologies following testing in water representative of the constituents of costal sea water. Generic erosion maps have been constructed as a first step approach to identify regions of minimum erosion for the operating conditions and to identify the significant effect of the sea water environment on the degradation of the composite.

KW - G.10 GFRP composite

KW - tidal turbine blades

KW - composite blade degradation

KW - solid particle erosion

KW - erosion rate

KW - particle velocity

KW - impingement angle

KW - Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)

UR - http://www.ewtec.org/ewtec2015/

M3 - Paper

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