MAP kinase phosphatase-2 plays a key role in the control of infection with Toxoplasma gondii by modulating iNOS and arginase-1 activities in mice

Stuart Woods, Juliane Schroeder, Helen A McGachy, Robin Plevin, Craig W Roberts, James Alexander

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dual specific phosphatase, MAP kinase phosphatase-2 (MKP-2) has recently been demonstrated to negatively regulate macrophage arginase-1 expression, while at the same time to positively regulate iNOS expression. Consequently, MKP-2 is likely to play a significant role in the host interplay with intracellular pathogens. Here we demonstrate that MKP-2(-/-) mice on the C57BL/6 background have enhanced susceptibility compared with wild-type counterparts following infection with type-2 strains of Toxoplasma gondii as measured by increased parasite multiplication during acute infection, increased mortality from day 12 post-infection onwards and increased parasite burdens in the brain, day 30 post-infection. MKP-2(-/-) mice did not, however, demonstrate defective type-1 responses compared with MKP-2(+/+) mice following infection although they did display significantly reduced serum nitrite levels and enhanced tissue arginase-1 expression. Early resistance to T. gondii in MKP-2(+/+), but not MKP-2(-/-), mice was nitric oxide (NO) dependent as infected MKP-2(+/+), but not MKP-2(-/-) mice succumbed within 10 days post-infection with increased parasite burdens following treatment with the iNOS inhibitor L-NAME. Conversely, treatment of infected MKP-2(-/-) but not MKP-2(+/+) mice with nor-NOHA increased parasite burdens indicating a protective role for arginase-1 in MKP-2(-/-) mice. In vitro studies using tachyzoite-infected bone marrow derived macrophages and selective inhibition of arginase-1 and iNOS activities confirmed that both iNOS and arginase-1 contributed to inhibiting parasite replication. However, the effects of arginase-1 were transient and ultimately the role of iNOS was paramount in facilitating long-term inhibition of parasite multiplication within macrophages.
LanguageEnglish
Article numbere1003535
Number of pages14
JournalPLOS Pathogens
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2013

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Arginase
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1
Toxoplasmosis
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
Parasites
Infection
Macrophages
Toxoplasma
NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester
Nitrites
Inbred C57BL Mouse

Keywords

  • MAP kinase phosphatase-2
  • MKP-2
  • Toxoplasma gondii

Cite this

@article{f2d9104a9f844738a06024063c9bb81c,
title = "MAP kinase phosphatase-2 plays a key role in the control of infection with Toxoplasma gondii by modulating iNOS and arginase-1 activities in mice",
abstract = "The dual specific phosphatase, MAP kinase phosphatase-2 (MKP-2) has recently been demonstrated to negatively regulate macrophage arginase-1 expression, while at the same time to positively regulate iNOS expression. Consequently, MKP-2 is likely to play a significant role in the host interplay with intracellular pathogens. Here we demonstrate that MKP-2(-/-) mice on the C57BL/6 background have enhanced susceptibility compared with wild-type counterparts following infection with type-2 strains of Toxoplasma gondii as measured by increased parasite multiplication during acute infection, increased mortality from day 12 post-infection onwards and increased parasite burdens in the brain, day 30 post-infection. MKP-2(-/-) mice did not, however, demonstrate defective type-1 responses compared with MKP-2(+/+) mice following infection although they did display significantly reduced serum nitrite levels and enhanced tissue arginase-1 expression. Early resistance to T. gondii in MKP-2(+/+), but not MKP-2(-/-), mice was nitric oxide (NO) dependent as infected MKP-2(+/+), but not MKP-2(-/-) mice succumbed within 10 days post-infection with increased parasite burdens following treatment with the iNOS inhibitor L-NAME. Conversely, treatment of infected MKP-2(-/-) but not MKP-2(+/+) mice with nor-NOHA increased parasite burdens indicating a protective role for arginase-1 in MKP-2(-/-) mice. In vitro studies using tachyzoite-infected bone marrow derived macrophages and selective inhibition of arginase-1 and iNOS activities confirmed that both iNOS and arginase-1 contributed to inhibiting parasite replication. However, the effects of arginase-1 were transient and ultimately the role of iNOS was paramount in facilitating long-term inhibition of parasite multiplication within macrophages.",
keywords = "MAP kinase phosphatase-2, MKP-2, Toxoplasma gondii",
author = "Stuart Woods and Juliane Schroeder and McGachy, {Helen A} and Robin Plevin and Roberts, {Craig W} and James Alexander",
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T1 - MAP kinase phosphatase-2 plays a key role in the control of infection with Toxoplasma gondii by modulating iNOS and arginase-1 activities in mice

AU - Woods, Stuart

AU - Schroeder, Juliane

AU - McGachy, Helen A

AU - Plevin, Robin

AU - Roberts, Craig W

AU - Alexander, James

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AB - The dual specific phosphatase, MAP kinase phosphatase-2 (MKP-2) has recently been demonstrated to negatively regulate macrophage arginase-1 expression, while at the same time to positively regulate iNOS expression. Consequently, MKP-2 is likely to play a significant role in the host interplay with intracellular pathogens. Here we demonstrate that MKP-2(-/-) mice on the C57BL/6 background have enhanced susceptibility compared with wild-type counterparts following infection with type-2 strains of Toxoplasma gondii as measured by increased parasite multiplication during acute infection, increased mortality from day 12 post-infection onwards and increased parasite burdens in the brain, day 30 post-infection. MKP-2(-/-) mice did not, however, demonstrate defective type-1 responses compared with MKP-2(+/+) mice following infection although they did display significantly reduced serum nitrite levels and enhanced tissue arginase-1 expression. Early resistance to T. gondii in MKP-2(+/+), but not MKP-2(-/-), mice was nitric oxide (NO) dependent as infected MKP-2(+/+), but not MKP-2(-/-) mice succumbed within 10 days post-infection with increased parasite burdens following treatment with the iNOS inhibitor L-NAME. Conversely, treatment of infected MKP-2(-/-) but not MKP-2(+/+) mice with nor-NOHA increased parasite burdens indicating a protective role for arginase-1 in MKP-2(-/-) mice. In vitro studies using tachyzoite-infected bone marrow derived macrophages and selective inhibition of arginase-1 and iNOS activities confirmed that both iNOS and arginase-1 contributed to inhibiting parasite replication. However, the effects of arginase-1 were transient and ultimately the role of iNOS was paramount in facilitating long-term inhibition of parasite multiplication within macrophages.

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