Manufacturing at double the speed

Julian M. Allwood, Tom H.C. Childs, Adam T. Clare, Anjali K.M. De Silva, Vimal Dhokia, Ian M. Hutchings, Richard K. Leach, David R. Leal-Ayala, Stewart Lowth, Candice E. Majewski, Adelaide Marzano, Jörn Mehnen, Aydin Nassehi, Erdem Ozturk, Mark H. Raffles, Raj Roy, Islam Shyha, Sam Turner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The speed of manufacturing processes today depends on a trade-off between the physical processes of production, the wider system that allows these processes to operate and the co-ordination of a supply chain in the pursuit of meeting customer needs. Could the speed of this activity be doubled? This paper explores this hypothetical question, starting with examination of a diverse set of case studies spanning the activities of manufacturing. This reveals that the constraints on increasing manufacturing speed have some common themes, and several of these are examined in more detail, to identify absolute limits to performance. The physical processes of production are constrained by factors such as machine stiffness, actuator acceleration, heat transfer and the delivery of fluids, and for each of these, a simplified model is used to analyse the gap between current and limiting performance. The wider systems of production require the co-ordination of resources and push at the limits of human biophysical and cognitive limits. Evidence about these is explored and related to current practice. Out of this discussion, five promising innovations are explored to show examples of how manufacturing speed is increasing—with line arrays of point actuators, parallel tools, tailored application of precision, hybridisation and task taxonomies. The paper addresses a broad question which could be pursued by a wider community and in greater depth, but even this first examination suggests the possibility of unanticipated innovations in current manufacturing practices.
LanguageEnglish
Pages729–757
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Materials Processing Technology
Volume229
Early online date2 Nov 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016

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Actuators
Innovation
Taxonomies
Supply chains
Stiffness
Heat transfer
Fluids

Keywords

  • manufacturing
  • speed
  • productivity
  • constraints
  • performance

Cite this

Allwood, J. M., Childs, T. H. C., Clare, A. T., De Silva, A. K. M., Dhokia, V., Hutchings, I. M., ... Turner, S. (2016). Manufacturing at double the speed. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 229, 729–757. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2015.10.028
Allwood, Julian M. ; Childs, Tom H.C. ; Clare, Adam T. ; De Silva, Anjali K.M. ; Dhokia, Vimal ; Hutchings, Ian M. ; Leach, Richard K. ; Leal-Ayala, David R. ; Lowth, Stewart ; Majewski, Candice E. ; Marzano, Adelaide ; Mehnen, Jörn ; Nassehi, Aydin ; Ozturk, Erdem ; Raffles, Mark H. ; Roy, Raj ; Shyha, Islam ; Turner, Sam. / Manufacturing at double the speed. In: Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 2016 ; Vol. 229. pp. 729–757.
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Allwood, JM, Childs, THC, Clare, AT, De Silva, AKM, Dhokia, V, Hutchings, IM, Leach, RK, Leal-Ayala, DR, Lowth, S, Majewski, CE, Marzano, A, Mehnen, J, Nassehi, A, Ozturk, E, Raffles, MH, Roy, R, Shyha, I & Turner, S 2016, 'Manufacturing at double the speed' Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 229, pp. 729–757. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2015.10.028

Manufacturing at double the speed. / Allwood, Julian M.; Childs, Tom H.C. ; Clare, Adam T. ; De Silva, Anjali K.M.; Dhokia, Vimal; Hutchings, Ian M.; Leach, Richard K.; Leal-Ayala, David R.; Lowth, Stewart; Majewski, Candice E. ; Marzano, Adelaide; Mehnen, Jörn; Nassehi, Aydin; Ozturk, Erdem; Raffles, Mark H. ; Roy, Raj; Shyha, Islam; Turner, Sam.

In: Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 229, 01.03.2016, p. 729–757.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Allwood, Julian M.

AU - Childs, Tom H.C.

AU - Clare, Adam T.

AU - De Silva, Anjali K.M.

AU - Dhokia, Vimal

AU - Hutchings, Ian M.

AU - Leach, Richard K.

AU - Leal-Ayala, David R.

AU - Lowth, Stewart

AU - Majewski, Candice E.

AU - Marzano, Adelaide

AU - Mehnen, Jörn

AU - Nassehi, Aydin

AU - Ozturk, Erdem

AU - Raffles, Mark H.

AU - Roy, Raj

AU - Shyha, Islam

AU - Turner, Sam

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Allwood JM, Childs THC, Clare AT, De Silva AKM, Dhokia V, Hutchings IM et al. Manufacturing at double the speed. Journal of Materials Processing Technology. 2016 Mar 1;229:729–757. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2015.10.028