Managed honey bee colony losses in Canada, China, Europe, Israel and Turkey, for the winters of 2008-9 and 1009-10

Romee van der Zee, Lennard Pisa, Sreten Andonov, Robert Brodschneider, Jean-Daniel Charriere, Robert Chlebo, Mary F Coffey, Bjørn Dahle, Anna Gajda, Alison Gray, Marica M Drazic, Mariano Higes, Lassi Kauko, Aykut Kence, Meral Kence, Nicola Kezic, Hrisula Kiprijanovska, Jasna Kralj, Preben Kristiansen, Raquel Martin Hernandez & 14 others Franco Mutinelli, Bach Kim Nguyen, Christoph Otten, Asli Ozkirim, Stephen F. Pernal, Magnus Peterson, Gavin Ramsay, Violeta Santrac, Victoria Soroker, Grazyna Topolska, Aleksander Uzunov, Flemming Vejsnaes, Shi Wei, Selwyn Wilkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

113 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In 2008 the COLOSS network was formed by honey bee experts from Europe and the USA. The primary objectives set by this scientific network were to explain and to prevent large scale losses of honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies. In June 2008 COLOSS obtained four years support from the European Union from COST and was designated as COST Action FA0803 – COLOSS (Prevention of honey bee COlony LOSSes). To enable the comparison of loss data between participating countries, a standardized COLOSS questionnaire was developed. Using this questionnaire information on honey bee losses has been collected over two years. Survey data presented in this study were gathered in 2009 from 12 countries and in 2010 from 24 countries. Mean honey bee losses in Europe varied widely, between 7-22% over the 2008-9 winter and between 7-30% over the 2009-10 winter. An important finding is that for all countries which participated in 2008-9, winter losses in 2009-10 were found to be substantially higher. In 2009-10, winter losses in South East Europe were at such a low level that the factors causing the losses in other parts of Europe were absent, or at a level which did not affect colony survival. The five provinces of China, which were included in 2009-10, showed very low mean (4%) A. mellifera winter losses. In six Canadian provinces, mean winter losses in 2010 varied between 16-25%, losses in Nova Scotia (40%) being exceptionally high. In most countries and in both monitoring years, hobbyist beekeepers (1-50 colonies) experienced higher losses than practitioners with intermediate beekeeping operations (51-500 colonies). This relationship between scale of beekeeping and extent of losses effect was also observed in 2009-10, but was less pronounced. In Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands and Poland, 2008-9 mean winter losses for beekeepers who reported ‘disappeared’ colonies were significantly higher compared to mean winter losses of beekeepers who did not report ‘disappeared’ colonies. Mean 2008-9 winter losses for those beekeepers in the Netherlands who reported symptoms similar to “Colony Collapse Disorder” (CCD), namely: 1. no dead bees in or surrounding the hive while; 2. capped brood was present, were significantly higher than mean winter losses for those beekeepers who reported ‘disappeared’ colonies without the presence of capped brood in the empty hives. In the winter of 2009-10 in the majority of participating countries, beekeepers who reported ‘disappeared’ colonies experienced higher winter losses compared with beekeepers, who experienced winter losses but did not report ‘disappeared’ colonies.
LanguageEnglish
Pages100-114
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Apicultural Research and Bee World
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2012

Fingerprint

honey bee colonies
Israel
Turkey (country)
Canada
beekeepers
China
winter
honey bees
apiculture
Apis mellifera
Netherlands
questionnaires
colony collapse disorder
Nova Scotia
Belgium
European Union
Poland
Apoidea

Keywords

  • Apis mellifera
  • operation size
  • survey mode
  • colony loss presentation
  • honey bee
  • epidemiology
  • colony losses
  • COLOSS

Cite this

van der Zee, R., Pisa, L., Andonov, S., Brodschneider, R., Charriere, J-D., Chlebo, R., ... Wilkins, S. (2012). Managed honey bee colony losses in Canada, China, Europe, Israel and Turkey, for the winters of 2008-9 and 1009-10. Journal of Apicultural Research and Bee World, 51(1), 100-114. https://doi.org/10.3896/IBRA.1.51.1.12
van der Zee, Romee ; Pisa, Lennard ; Andonov, Sreten ; Brodschneider, Robert ; Charriere, Jean-Daniel ; Chlebo, Robert ; Coffey, Mary F ; Dahle, Bjørn ; Gajda, Anna ; Gray, Alison ; Drazic, Marica M ; Higes, Mariano ; Kauko, Lassi ; Kence, Aykut ; Kence, Meral ; Kezic, Nicola ; Kiprijanovska, Hrisula ; Kralj, Jasna ; Kristiansen, Preben ; Hernandez, Raquel Martin ; Mutinelli, Franco ; Nguyen, Bach Kim ; Otten, Christoph ; Ozkirim, Asli ; Pernal, Stephen F. ; Peterson, Magnus ; Ramsay, Gavin ; Santrac, Violeta ; Soroker, Victoria ; Topolska, Grazyna ; Uzunov, Aleksander ; Vejsnaes, Flemming ; Wei, Shi ; Wilkins, Selwyn. / Managed honey bee colony losses in Canada, China, Europe, Israel and Turkey, for the winters of 2008-9 and 1009-10. In: Journal of Apicultural Research and Bee World. 2012 ; Vol. 51, No. 1. pp. 100-114.
@article{abff6a4ad6af424f955b4c0969d76dd1,
title = "Managed honey bee colony losses in Canada, China, Europe, Israel and Turkey, for the winters of 2008-9 and 1009-10",
abstract = "In 2008 the COLOSS network was formed by honey bee experts from Europe and the USA. The primary objectives set by this scientific network were to explain and to prevent large scale losses of honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies. In June 2008 COLOSS obtained four years support from the European Union from COST and was designated as COST Action FA0803 – COLOSS (Prevention of honey bee COlony LOSSes). To enable the comparison of loss data between participating countries, a standardized COLOSS questionnaire was developed. Using this questionnaire information on honey bee losses has been collected over two years. Survey data presented in this study were gathered in 2009 from 12 countries and in 2010 from 24 countries. Mean honey bee losses in Europe varied widely, between 7-22{\%} over the 2008-9 winter and between 7-30{\%} over the 2009-10 winter. An important finding is that for all countries which participated in 2008-9, winter losses in 2009-10 were found to be substantially higher. In 2009-10, winter losses in South East Europe were at such a low level that the factors causing the losses in other parts of Europe were absent, or at a level which did not affect colony survival. The five provinces of China, which were included in 2009-10, showed very low mean (4{\%}) A. mellifera winter losses. In six Canadian provinces, mean winter losses in 2010 varied between 16-25{\%}, losses in Nova Scotia (40{\%}) being exceptionally high. In most countries and in both monitoring years, hobbyist beekeepers (1-50 colonies) experienced higher losses than practitioners with intermediate beekeeping operations (51-500 colonies). This relationship between scale of beekeeping and extent of losses effect was also observed in 2009-10, but was less pronounced. In Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands and Poland, 2008-9 mean winter losses for beekeepers who reported ‘disappeared’ colonies were significantly higher compared to mean winter losses of beekeepers who did not report ‘disappeared’ colonies. Mean 2008-9 winter losses for those beekeepers in the Netherlands who reported symptoms similar to “Colony Collapse Disorder” (CCD), namely: 1. no dead bees in or surrounding the hive while; 2. capped brood was present, were significantly higher than mean winter losses for those beekeepers who reported ‘disappeared’ colonies without the presence of capped brood in the empty hives. In the winter of 2009-10 in the majority of participating countries, beekeepers who reported ‘disappeared’ colonies experienced higher winter losses compared with beekeepers, who experienced winter losses but did not report ‘disappeared’ colonies.",
keywords = "Apis mellifera, operation size, survey mode , colony loss presentation, honey bee, epidemiology, colony losses, COLOSS",
author = "{van der Zee}, Romee and Lennard Pisa and Sreten Andonov and Robert Brodschneider and Jean-Daniel Charriere and Robert Chlebo and Coffey, {Mary F} and Bj{\o}rn Dahle and Anna Gajda and Alison Gray and Drazic, {Marica M} and Mariano Higes and Lassi Kauko and Aykut Kence and Meral Kence and Nicola Kezic and Hrisula Kiprijanovska and Jasna Kralj and Preben Kristiansen and Hernandez, {Raquel Martin} and Franco Mutinelli and Nguyen, {Bach Kim} and Christoph Otten and Asli Ozkirim and Pernal, {Stephen F.} and Magnus Peterson and Gavin Ramsay and Violeta Santrac and Victoria Soroker and Grazyna Topolska and Aleksander Uzunov and Flemming Vejsnaes and Shi Wei and Selwyn Wilkins",
year = "2012",
month = "1",
day = "31",
doi = "10.3896/IBRA.1.51.1.12",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "100--114",
journal = "Journal of Apicultural Research and Bee World",
issn = "1751-2891",
number = "1",

}

van der Zee, R, Pisa, L, Andonov, S, Brodschneider, R, Charriere, J-D, Chlebo, R, Coffey, MF, Dahle, B, Gajda, A, Gray, A, Drazic, MM, Higes, M, Kauko, L, Kence, A, Kence, M, Kezic, N, Kiprijanovska, H, Kralj, J, Kristiansen, P, Hernandez, RM, Mutinelli, F, Nguyen, BK, Otten, C, Ozkirim, A, Pernal, SF, Peterson, M, Ramsay, G, Santrac, V, Soroker, V, Topolska, G, Uzunov, A, Vejsnaes, F, Wei, S & Wilkins, S 2012, 'Managed honey bee colony losses in Canada, China, Europe, Israel and Turkey, for the winters of 2008-9 and 1009-10' Journal of Apicultural Research and Bee World, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 100-114. https://doi.org/10.3896/IBRA.1.51.1.12

Managed honey bee colony losses in Canada, China, Europe, Israel and Turkey, for the winters of 2008-9 and 1009-10. / van der Zee, Romee; Pisa, Lennard; Andonov, Sreten; Brodschneider, Robert; Charriere, Jean-Daniel; Chlebo, Robert; Coffey, Mary F; Dahle, Bjørn ; Gajda, Anna; Gray, Alison; Drazic, Marica M; Higes, Mariano; Kauko, Lassi; Kence, Aykut; Kence, Meral; Kezic, Nicola; Kiprijanovska, Hrisula; Kralj, Jasna; Kristiansen, Preben; Hernandez, Raquel Martin; Mutinelli, Franco; Nguyen, Bach Kim; Otten, Christoph; Ozkirim, Asli; Pernal, Stephen F.; Peterson, Magnus; Ramsay, Gavin; Santrac, Violeta; Soroker, Victoria; Topolska, Grazyna; Uzunov, Aleksander; Vejsnaes, Flemming; Wei, Shi; Wilkins, Selwyn.

In: Journal of Apicultural Research and Bee World, Vol. 51, No. 1, 31.01.2012, p. 100-114.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Managed honey bee colony losses in Canada, China, Europe, Israel and Turkey, for the winters of 2008-9 and 1009-10

AU - van der Zee, Romee

AU - Pisa, Lennard

AU - Andonov, Sreten

AU - Brodschneider, Robert

AU - Charriere, Jean-Daniel

AU - Chlebo, Robert

AU - Coffey, Mary F

AU - Dahle, Bjørn

AU - Gajda, Anna

AU - Gray, Alison

AU - Drazic, Marica M

AU - Higes, Mariano

AU - Kauko, Lassi

AU - Kence, Aykut

AU - Kence, Meral

AU - Kezic, Nicola

AU - Kiprijanovska, Hrisula

AU - Kralj, Jasna

AU - Kristiansen, Preben

AU - Hernandez, Raquel Martin

AU - Mutinelli, Franco

AU - Nguyen, Bach Kim

AU - Otten, Christoph

AU - Ozkirim, Asli

AU - Pernal, Stephen F.

AU - Peterson, Magnus

AU - Ramsay, Gavin

AU - Santrac, Violeta

AU - Soroker, Victoria

AU - Topolska, Grazyna

AU - Uzunov, Aleksander

AU - Vejsnaes, Flemming

AU - Wei, Shi

AU - Wilkins, Selwyn

PY - 2012/1/31

Y1 - 2012/1/31

N2 - In 2008 the COLOSS network was formed by honey bee experts from Europe and the USA. The primary objectives set by this scientific network were to explain and to prevent large scale losses of honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies. In June 2008 COLOSS obtained four years support from the European Union from COST and was designated as COST Action FA0803 – COLOSS (Prevention of honey bee COlony LOSSes). To enable the comparison of loss data between participating countries, a standardized COLOSS questionnaire was developed. Using this questionnaire information on honey bee losses has been collected over two years. Survey data presented in this study were gathered in 2009 from 12 countries and in 2010 from 24 countries. Mean honey bee losses in Europe varied widely, between 7-22% over the 2008-9 winter and between 7-30% over the 2009-10 winter. An important finding is that for all countries which participated in 2008-9, winter losses in 2009-10 were found to be substantially higher. In 2009-10, winter losses in South East Europe were at such a low level that the factors causing the losses in other parts of Europe were absent, or at a level which did not affect colony survival. The five provinces of China, which were included in 2009-10, showed very low mean (4%) A. mellifera winter losses. In six Canadian provinces, mean winter losses in 2010 varied between 16-25%, losses in Nova Scotia (40%) being exceptionally high. In most countries and in both monitoring years, hobbyist beekeepers (1-50 colonies) experienced higher losses than practitioners with intermediate beekeeping operations (51-500 colonies). This relationship between scale of beekeeping and extent of losses effect was also observed in 2009-10, but was less pronounced. In Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands and Poland, 2008-9 mean winter losses for beekeepers who reported ‘disappeared’ colonies were significantly higher compared to mean winter losses of beekeepers who did not report ‘disappeared’ colonies. Mean 2008-9 winter losses for those beekeepers in the Netherlands who reported symptoms similar to “Colony Collapse Disorder” (CCD), namely: 1. no dead bees in or surrounding the hive while; 2. capped brood was present, were significantly higher than mean winter losses for those beekeepers who reported ‘disappeared’ colonies without the presence of capped brood in the empty hives. In the winter of 2009-10 in the majority of participating countries, beekeepers who reported ‘disappeared’ colonies experienced higher winter losses compared with beekeepers, who experienced winter losses but did not report ‘disappeared’ colonies.

AB - In 2008 the COLOSS network was formed by honey bee experts from Europe and the USA. The primary objectives set by this scientific network were to explain and to prevent large scale losses of honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies. In June 2008 COLOSS obtained four years support from the European Union from COST and was designated as COST Action FA0803 – COLOSS (Prevention of honey bee COlony LOSSes). To enable the comparison of loss data between participating countries, a standardized COLOSS questionnaire was developed. Using this questionnaire information on honey bee losses has been collected over two years. Survey data presented in this study were gathered in 2009 from 12 countries and in 2010 from 24 countries. Mean honey bee losses in Europe varied widely, between 7-22% over the 2008-9 winter and between 7-30% over the 2009-10 winter. An important finding is that for all countries which participated in 2008-9, winter losses in 2009-10 were found to be substantially higher. In 2009-10, winter losses in South East Europe were at such a low level that the factors causing the losses in other parts of Europe were absent, or at a level which did not affect colony survival. The five provinces of China, which were included in 2009-10, showed very low mean (4%) A. mellifera winter losses. In six Canadian provinces, mean winter losses in 2010 varied between 16-25%, losses in Nova Scotia (40%) being exceptionally high. In most countries and in both monitoring years, hobbyist beekeepers (1-50 colonies) experienced higher losses than practitioners with intermediate beekeeping operations (51-500 colonies). This relationship between scale of beekeeping and extent of losses effect was also observed in 2009-10, but was less pronounced. In Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands and Poland, 2008-9 mean winter losses for beekeepers who reported ‘disappeared’ colonies were significantly higher compared to mean winter losses of beekeepers who did not report ‘disappeared’ colonies. Mean 2008-9 winter losses for those beekeepers in the Netherlands who reported symptoms similar to “Colony Collapse Disorder” (CCD), namely: 1. no dead bees in or surrounding the hive while; 2. capped brood was present, were significantly higher than mean winter losses for those beekeepers who reported ‘disappeared’ colonies without the presence of capped brood in the empty hives. In the winter of 2009-10 in the majority of participating countries, beekeepers who reported ‘disappeared’ colonies experienced higher winter losses compared with beekeepers, who experienced winter losses but did not report ‘disappeared’ colonies.

KW - Apis mellifera

KW - operation size

KW - survey mode

KW - colony loss presentation

KW - honey bee

KW - epidemiology

KW - colony losses

KW - COLOSS

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84859578079&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3896/IBRA.1.51.1.12

DO - 10.3896/IBRA.1.51.1.12

M3 - Article

VL - 51

SP - 100

EP - 114

JO - Journal of Apicultural Research and Bee World

T2 - Journal of Apicultural Research and Bee World

JF - Journal of Apicultural Research and Bee World

SN - 1751-2891

IS - 1

ER -