Magnetron injection gun for high-power gyroklystron

Liang Zhang, Laurence J. R. Nix, Adrian W. Cross

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8 Citations (Scopus)
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A magnetron injection gun (MIG) can generate an annular electron beam with a high transverse-to-axial velocity ratio for gyrotron devices. This article compares the different configurations of the MIGs and their suitable applications were analyzed from the theoretical study. Following that, an MIG for a 48-GHz, 2-MW output power gyroklystron was designed and optimized by parameterizing the MIG's geometry and the magnetic field. By using the standard triode-type configuration, a low alpha spread of 8.9% was achieved. The simulation results showed that the magnetic field profile also plays an important role in the MIG design. The angle of the magnetic field on the emitter surface affects the alpha value and the alpha spread, which was not able to be predicted by the synthesis method. It provides an extra degree of freedom for tuning the MIG's performance in the experiment where the geometry of the gun is fixed.

This work was supported in part by the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), U.K., Cockcroft Institute Core, under Grant R160525-1, and in part by the U.K. Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) under Grant EP/S00968X/1.
This  work  is  supported in part by European Union (EU) Horizon 2020 Project  “CompactLight” 2017-2021.
“CompactLight”  grant code: 777431-XLS.
Published data November 2020, under Self-archiving / 'green' OA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5151-5157
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
Issue number11
Early online date30 Sept 2020
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020


  • magnetron injection gun
  • gyroklystron
  • velocity spread
  • small orbit beam


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