Magnetic phase diagram of light-mediated spin structuring in cold atoms

G. Labeyrie, I. Krešić, G. R. M. Robb, G.-L. Oppo, R. Kaiser, T. Ackemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)
9 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Self-organization in driven dissipative systems is an active field of research with implications in physics, chemistry, and biology. When applying a red-detuned retroreflected laser beam to a large cloud of cold atoms, we observe the spontaneous formation of 2D structures in the transverse plane corresponding to high contrast spatial modulations of both light field and atomic spins. By applying a weak magnetic field, we explore the rich resulting phase space and identify specific phases associated with both dipolar and quadrupolar terms of the atomic magnetic moment. In particular, we demonstrate spontaneous structures in optically induced ground state coherences representing magnetic quadrupoles. Our results illustrate the wealth of behavior exhibited by laser-driven atomic media with complex level structure under optical feedback.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1322-1328
Number of pages7
JournalOptica
Volume5
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Oct 2018

Keywords

  • nonlinear optics
  • transverse effects in
  • instabilities and chaos
  • coherent optical effects
  • spatial solitons

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Magnetic phase diagram of light-mediated spin structuring in cold atoms'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this