Lyme borreliosis habitat assessment

J.S. Gray, O. Kahl, J.N. Robertson, M. Daniel, A. Estrada-Pena, G. Gettinby, T.G.T. Jaenson, P. Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Citations (Scopus)


Tick ecologists throughout Europe provided descriptions of Lyme borreliosis habitats according to a standardised format and data for 105 habitats in 16 countries were received. The data showed that high risk situations, as defined by the presence of large numbers of B. burgdorferi sensu lato-infected nymphal I. ricinus, occur in heterogeneous deciduous woodland, usually with a recreational function and with a diverse fauna, usually including deer. Large numbers of ticks occurred in some other habitats, but infection prevalence was usually low. The situation for adult I. ricinus was similar but less clearly defined. Tick infection rates were found to be lower in western Europe than in the east, and the infection rate in 1. persulcatus, the most easterly vector species, was markedly higher than in I. ricinus. In the vast majority of habitats the infection rate in adult I. ricinus was greater than in nymphs. Larvae were rarely found to be infected.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-228
Number of pages17
JournalZentralblatt fur Bakteriologie
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1998


  • lyme disease
  • borrelia burgdorferi
  • epidemiology
  • habitat
  • niche
  • characterization
  • nvironmental factor
  • soils
  • vegetation
  • natural population
  • borrelia infection
  • spirachaetosis
  • bacteriosis
  • infection
  • spirochaetaceae
  • spirochaetales
  • bacteria


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