Low-power vertical cavity NAND gate

A. Hurtado, A. P. Gonzalez-Marcos, J. A. Martin-Pereda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The study of the Vertical-Cavity Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (VCSOAs) for optical signal processing applications is increasing his interest. Due to their particular structure, the VCSOAs present some advantages when compared to their edge-emitting counterparts including low manufacturing costs, high coupling efficiency to optical fibers and the ease to fabricate 2-D arrays of this kind of devices. As a consequence, all-optical logic gates based on VCSOAs may be very promising devices for their use in optical computing and optical switching in communications. Moreover, since all the boolean logic functions can be implemented by combining NAND logic gates, the development of a Vertical-Cavity NAND gate would be of particular interest. In this paper, the characteristics of the dispersive optical bistability appearing on a VCSOA operated in reflection are studied. A progressive increment of the number of layers compounding the top Distributed Bragg Reflector (DBR) of the VCSOA results on a change on the shape of the appearing bistability from an S-shape to a clockwise bistable loop. This resulting clockwise bistability has high on-off contrast ratio and input power requirements one order of magnitude lower than those needed for edge-emitting devices. Based on these results, an all-optical vertical-cavity NAND gate with high on-off contrast ratio and an input power for operation of only 10μW will be reported in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-380
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 9 Dec 2005


  • logic gates
  • optical computing
  • optical instability
  • optical logic
  • vertical-cavity semiconductor optical amplifier (VCSOA)


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