Low-frequency waves in HF heating of the ionosphere

A. S. Sharma, B. Eliasson, G. M. Milikh, A. Najmi, K. Papadopoulos, X. Shao, A. Vartanyan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Ionospheric heating experiments have enabled an exploration of the ionosphere as a large-scale natural laboratory for the study of many plasma processes. These experiments inject high-frequency (HF) radio waves using high-power transmitters and an array of ground- and space-based diagnostics. This chapter discusses the excitation and propagation of low-frequency waves in HF heating of the ionosphere. The theoretical aspects and the associated models and simulations, and the results from experiments, mostly from the HAARP facility, are presented together to provide a comprehensive interpretation of the relevant plasma processes. The chapter presents the plasma model of the ionosphere for describing the physical processes during HF heating, the numerical code, and the simulations of the excitation of low-frequency waves by HF heating. It then gives the simulations of the high-latitude ionosphere and mid-latitude ionosphere. The chapter also briefly discusses the role of kinetic processes associated with wave generation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLow-Frequency Waves in Space Plasmas
EditorsAndreas Keiling, Dong-Hun Lee, Valery Nakariakov
Place of PublicationHoboken, New Jersey, USA
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished - 26 Feb 2016
EventAGU Chapman Conference on Low-Frequency Waves in Space Plasmas - Hyatt Regency Jeju, Jeju Island, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 31 Aug 20145 Sep 2014

Publication series

NameGeophysical Monograph Series


ConferenceAGU Chapman Conference on Low-Frequency Waves in Space Plasmas
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of
CityJeju Island


  • high-frequency heating
  • high-latitude ionosphere
  • mid-latitude ionosphere
  • propagation of low-frequency waves


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