Longitudinal study of physical activity and sedentry behaviour in children

L. Basterfield, A.J. Adamson, J.K. Frary, K.N. Parkinson, M.S. Pearce, John J Reilly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

128 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Physical activity is thought to decline during childhood, but the extent of the decline is unknown. We made objective measures of 2-year changes in physical activity and sedentary behavior in English children who participated in the Gateshead Millennium Study to explore the nature, timing, and extent of changes in physical activity and sedentary behavior before adolescence.

We conducted a longitudinal study of 405 children (207 girls), aged 7 years, in 2006/2007 and again 24 months later. Physical activity and sedentary behavior were measured with the Actigraph GT1M accelerometer. Data were analyzed in 2010. Changes in total volume of physical activity (accelerometer counts per minute [cpm]), moderate-to-vigorous–intensity physical activity (MVPA), and sedentary behavior were quantified. Factors associated with changes in physical activity and sedentary behavior were tested by using linear regression. Tracking of physical activity and sedentary behavior over the 2-year period was assessed by rank-order correlation.

Mean daily volume of physical activity declined by 83 cpm (interquartile range [IQR]: −189 to 31) over 2 years; the percentage of daily time spent in MVPA was low at baseline and declined by 0.3% (IQR: −1.4 to 0.9). The percentage of daily time in sedentary behavior was high at baseline and increased from 78.0% to 81.1% of the day (change 3.1% [IQR: −0.3 to 6.0]). The decline in MVPA and increase in sedentary behavior were significantly greater in girls and in those with higher BMI z scores at baseline. Physical activity and sedentary behavior showed moderate tracking over the 2-year period.

We report here new evidence of low and declining levels of physical activity and MVPA and increasing sedentary behavior before adolescence.

LanguageEnglish
Pagese24-e30
Number of pages7
JournalPediatrics
Volume127
Issue number1
Early online date20 Dec 2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

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Child Behavior
Longitudinal Studies
Exercise
Linear Models

Keywords

  • childhood obesity
  • sedentary behavior
  • physical activity

Cite this

Basterfield, L., Adamson, A. J., Frary, J. K., Parkinson, K. N., Pearce, M. S., & Reilly, J. J. (2011). Longitudinal study of physical activity and sedentry behaviour in children. Pediatrics, 127(1), e24-e30. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2010-1935
Basterfield, L. ; Adamson, A.J. ; Frary, J.K. ; Parkinson, K.N. ; Pearce, M.S. ; Reilly, John J. / Longitudinal study of physical activity and sedentry behaviour in children. In: Pediatrics. 2011 ; Vol. 127, No. 1. pp. e24-e30.
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Basterfield, L, Adamson, AJ, Frary, JK, Parkinson, KN, Pearce, MS & Reilly, JJ 2011, 'Longitudinal study of physical activity and sedentry behaviour in children' Pediatrics, vol. 127, no. 1, pp. e24-e30. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2010-1935

Longitudinal study of physical activity and sedentry behaviour in children. / Basterfield, L.; Adamson, A.J.; Frary, J.K.; Parkinson, K.N.; Pearce, M.S. ; Reilly, John J.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 127, No. 1, 01.01.2011, p. e24-e30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Basterfield L, Adamson AJ, Frary JK, Parkinson KN, Pearce MS, Reilly JJ. Longitudinal study of physical activity and sedentry behaviour in children. Pediatrics. 2011 Jan 1;127(1):e24-e30. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2010-1935