Load mitigation using slotted flaps in offshore wind turbines

Shilpa Thakur, K. A. Abhinav , Nilanjan Saha

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1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper focuses on load mitigation by implementing controllable trailing-edge slotted flaps on the blades of an offshore wind turbine (OWT). The benchmark NREL 5 MW horizontal axis OWT is subjected to coupled stochastic aerodynamic-hydrodynamic analysis for obtaining the responses. The OWT is supported on three different fixed-bottom structures situated in various water depths. Blade element momentum (BEM) theory and Morison's equation are used to compute the aerodynamic and hydrodynamic loads, respectively. Presently, the load reduction obtained by means of the slotted flaps is regulated using an external dynamic link library considering the proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller. BEM theory is presently modified to account for unsteady effects of flaps along the blade span. The present analysis results show reduction up to 20% in blade and tower loads for the turbine with different support structures on implementing controllable trailing edge flaps (TEFs). This study can form the basis for evaluating the performance of large-scale fixed OWT rotors.
Original languageEnglish
Article number061901
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
Issue number6
Early online date13 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018


  • design of offshore structures
  • dynamics of structures
  • ocean waves statistics
  • probabilistic models
  • spectral wave modeling

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