Liquid-state theory of hydrocarbon-water systems: application to methane, ethane, and propane

L. Lue, D. Blankschtein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

110 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have studied the structural and bulk thermodynamic properties of hydrocarbon (methane, ethane, and propane)-water systems as well as pure water using the site-site Omstein-Zemike (SSOZ) equation under a variety of different closure relations in order to compare the quantitative predictive Capabilities of the various closures. For the hydrocarbon-water systems, the simple point-charge (SPC) potential was used to model water, and the optimized potentials for liquid simulation (OPLS) were used to model the hydrocarbons. For pure water, predictions were also made for other water potential models. We solved the SSOZ equation with the hypemetted-chain (HNC) closure to determine the pair correlation functions of water. We then analyzed the structural and bulk thermodynamic properties of methane, ethane, and propane at infinite dilution in water using various closure relations for the hydrocarbonwater pair correlation functions. We find that the HNC closure, which is the closure that has been utilized almost exclusively to predict bulk thermodynamic properties of interaction-site fluids, performs rather poorly. Specifically, we find that the HNC closure consistently underpredicts the magnitudes of both the solute partial molar volume and the solute-solvent interaction energy, grossly overpredicts the magnitude of the residual chemical potential, and gives the incorrect sign of the enthalpy of solution. On the other hand, we find that two recently developed closures, the Martynov-Sarkisov (Mas) and Ballone-Pastore-Galli-Gazzillo (BEG) closures, which have not been utilized so far in conjunction with the SSOZ equation, yield reasonable predictions of the structural and bulk thermodynamic properties of the hydrocarbon-water systems studied. In particular, utilizing the SSOZ-BEG equation, the predicted temperature variation of the residual chemical potential over the relatively broad range 5-80 OC was found to be in very good agreement with the experimental data. Note that the residual chemical potential is directly related to the Henry's law constant, which, in tum, can be utilized to predict solubilities. In addition, we have developed an analytical expression for the residual chemical potential, appropriate for interaction-site fluids, in terms of pair and direct correlation functions at full coupling for the various closures examined in this paper. To date, an expression of this type was available only for the HNC closure. This new expression facilitates the calculation of the residual chemical potential by eliminating the previous need to perform a numerical integration over the coupling constant, thus making the computation of the chemical potential simpler and more efficient. Finally, we have also tested the accuracy of the equivalent-site approximation (ESA), a perturbation method which was developed by Curro and Schweizer to study long polymeric chains by treating all the sites in a given molecule as equivalent, on the predictions of the structural and bulk thermodynamic properties of propane at infinite dilution in water. Note that of all the n-alkanes, propane poses the most severe challenge to the ESA. Interestingly, we find that, already for propane, the ESA yields predictions of bulk thermodynamic properties which are within 5% of those obtained using the rigorous calculations.
LanguageEnglish
Pages8582-8594
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume96
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 1992

Fingerprint

Propane
Ethane
Methane
Hydrocarbons
propane
ethane
closures
methane
hydrocarbons
Chemical potential
Water
Liquids
liquids
Thermodynamic properties
water
thermodynamic properties
predictions
solutes
Alkanes
approximation

Keywords

  • molecular-dynamics simulations
  • effective pair potentials
  • monte-carlo simulation
  • integral-equation
  • free-energy
  • rism approximation
  • solvation thermodynamics
  • dielectric-constant
  • polymer liquids
  • simple fluids

Cite this

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title = "Liquid-state theory of hydrocarbon-water systems: application to methane, ethane, and propane",
abstract = "We have studied the structural and bulk thermodynamic properties of hydrocarbon (methane, ethane, and propane)-water systems as well as pure water using the site-site Omstein-Zemike (SSOZ) equation under a variety of different closure relations in order to compare the quantitative predictive Capabilities of the various closures. For the hydrocarbon-water systems, the simple point-charge (SPC) potential was used to model water, and the optimized potentials for liquid simulation (OPLS) were used to model the hydrocarbons. For pure water, predictions were also made for other water potential models. We solved the SSOZ equation with the hypemetted-chain (HNC) closure to determine the pair correlation functions of water. We then analyzed the structural and bulk thermodynamic properties of methane, ethane, and propane at infinite dilution in water using various closure relations for the hydrocarbonwater pair correlation functions. We find that the HNC closure, which is the closure that has been utilized almost exclusively to predict bulk thermodynamic properties of interaction-site fluids, performs rather poorly. Specifically, we find that the HNC closure consistently underpredicts the magnitudes of both the solute partial molar volume and the solute-solvent interaction energy, grossly overpredicts the magnitude of the residual chemical potential, and gives the incorrect sign of the enthalpy of solution. On the other hand, we find that two recently developed closures, the Martynov-Sarkisov (Mas) and Ballone-Pastore-Galli-Gazzillo (BEG) closures, which have not been utilized so far in conjunction with the SSOZ equation, yield reasonable predictions of the structural and bulk thermodynamic properties of the hydrocarbon-water systems studied. In particular, utilizing the SSOZ-BEG equation, the predicted temperature variation of the residual chemical potential over the relatively broad range 5-80 OC was found to be in very good agreement with the experimental data. Note that the residual chemical potential is directly related to the Henry's law constant, which, in tum, can be utilized to predict solubilities. In addition, we have developed an analytical expression for the residual chemical potential, appropriate for interaction-site fluids, in terms of pair and direct correlation functions at full coupling for the various closures examined in this paper. To date, an expression of this type was available only for the HNC closure. This new expression facilitates the calculation of the residual chemical potential by eliminating the previous need to perform a numerical integration over the coupling constant, thus making the computation of the chemical potential simpler and more efficient. Finally, we have also tested the accuracy of the equivalent-site approximation (ESA), a perturbation method which was developed by Curro and Schweizer to study long polymeric chains by treating all the sites in a given molecule as equivalent, on the predictions of the structural and bulk thermodynamic properties of propane at infinite dilution in water. Note that of all the n-alkanes, propane poses the most severe challenge to the ESA. Interestingly, we find that, already for propane, the ESA yields predictions of bulk thermodynamic properties which are within 5{\%} of those obtained using the rigorous calculations.",
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author = "L. Lue and D. Blankschtein",
note = "English Article JU555 J PHYS CHEM",
year = "1992",
month = "10",
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language = "English",
volume = "96",
pages = "8582--8594",
journal = "Journal of Physical Chemistry B",
issn = "1520-6106",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
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Liquid-state theory of hydrocarbon-water systems: application to methane, ethane, and propane. / Lue, L.; Blankschtein, D.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 96, No. 21, 15.10.1992, p. 8582-8594.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Liquid-state theory of hydrocarbon-water systems: application to methane, ethane, and propane

AU - Lue, L.

AU - Blankschtein, D.

N1 - English Article JU555 J PHYS CHEM

PY - 1992/10/15

Y1 - 1992/10/15

N2 - We have studied the structural and bulk thermodynamic properties of hydrocarbon (methane, ethane, and propane)-water systems as well as pure water using the site-site Omstein-Zemike (SSOZ) equation under a variety of different closure relations in order to compare the quantitative predictive Capabilities of the various closures. For the hydrocarbon-water systems, the simple point-charge (SPC) potential was used to model water, and the optimized potentials for liquid simulation (OPLS) were used to model the hydrocarbons. For pure water, predictions were also made for other water potential models. We solved the SSOZ equation with the hypemetted-chain (HNC) closure to determine the pair correlation functions of water. We then analyzed the structural and bulk thermodynamic properties of methane, ethane, and propane at infinite dilution in water using various closure relations for the hydrocarbonwater pair correlation functions. We find that the HNC closure, which is the closure that has been utilized almost exclusively to predict bulk thermodynamic properties of interaction-site fluids, performs rather poorly. Specifically, we find that the HNC closure consistently underpredicts the magnitudes of both the solute partial molar volume and the solute-solvent interaction energy, grossly overpredicts the magnitude of the residual chemical potential, and gives the incorrect sign of the enthalpy of solution. On the other hand, we find that two recently developed closures, the Martynov-Sarkisov (Mas) and Ballone-Pastore-Galli-Gazzillo (BEG) closures, which have not been utilized so far in conjunction with the SSOZ equation, yield reasonable predictions of the structural and bulk thermodynamic properties of the hydrocarbon-water systems studied. In particular, utilizing the SSOZ-BEG equation, the predicted temperature variation of the residual chemical potential over the relatively broad range 5-80 OC was found to be in very good agreement with the experimental data. Note that the residual chemical potential is directly related to the Henry's law constant, which, in tum, can be utilized to predict solubilities. In addition, we have developed an analytical expression for the residual chemical potential, appropriate for interaction-site fluids, in terms of pair and direct correlation functions at full coupling for the various closures examined in this paper. To date, an expression of this type was available only for the HNC closure. This new expression facilitates the calculation of the residual chemical potential by eliminating the previous need to perform a numerical integration over the coupling constant, thus making the computation of the chemical potential simpler and more efficient. Finally, we have also tested the accuracy of the equivalent-site approximation (ESA), a perturbation method which was developed by Curro and Schweizer to study long polymeric chains by treating all the sites in a given molecule as equivalent, on the predictions of the structural and bulk thermodynamic properties of propane at infinite dilution in water. Note that of all the n-alkanes, propane poses the most severe challenge to the ESA. Interestingly, we find that, already for propane, the ESA yields predictions of bulk thermodynamic properties which are within 5% of those obtained using the rigorous calculations.

AB - We have studied the structural and bulk thermodynamic properties of hydrocarbon (methane, ethane, and propane)-water systems as well as pure water using the site-site Omstein-Zemike (SSOZ) equation under a variety of different closure relations in order to compare the quantitative predictive Capabilities of the various closures. For the hydrocarbon-water systems, the simple point-charge (SPC) potential was used to model water, and the optimized potentials for liquid simulation (OPLS) were used to model the hydrocarbons. For pure water, predictions were also made for other water potential models. We solved the SSOZ equation with the hypemetted-chain (HNC) closure to determine the pair correlation functions of water. We then analyzed the structural and bulk thermodynamic properties of methane, ethane, and propane at infinite dilution in water using various closure relations for the hydrocarbonwater pair correlation functions. We find that the HNC closure, which is the closure that has been utilized almost exclusively to predict bulk thermodynamic properties of interaction-site fluids, performs rather poorly. Specifically, we find that the HNC closure consistently underpredicts the magnitudes of both the solute partial molar volume and the solute-solvent interaction energy, grossly overpredicts the magnitude of the residual chemical potential, and gives the incorrect sign of the enthalpy of solution. On the other hand, we find that two recently developed closures, the Martynov-Sarkisov (Mas) and Ballone-Pastore-Galli-Gazzillo (BEG) closures, which have not been utilized so far in conjunction with the SSOZ equation, yield reasonable predictions of the structural and bulk thermodynamic properties of the hydrocarbon-water systems studied. In particular, utilizing the SSOZ-BEG equation, the predicted temperature variation of the residual chemical potential over the relatively broad range 5-80 OC was found to be in very good agreement with the experimental data. Note that the residual chemical potential is directly related to the Henry's law constant, which, in tum, can be utilized to predict solubilities. In addition, we have developed an analytical expression for the residual chemical potential, appropriate for interaction-site fluids, in terms of pair and direct correlation functions at full coupling for the various closures examined in this paper. To date, an expression of this type was available only for the HNC closure. This new expression facilitates the calculation of the residual chemical potential by eliminating the previous need to perform a numerical integration over the coupling constant, thus making the computation of the chemical potential simpler and more efficient. Finally, we have also tested the accuracy of the equivalent-site approximation (ESA), a perturbation method which was developed by Curro and Schweizer to study long polymeric chains by treating all the sites in a given molecule as equivalent, on the predictions of the structural and bulk thermodynamic properties of propane at infinite dilution in water. Note that of all the n-alkanes, propane poses the most severe challenge to the ESA. Interestingly, we find that, already for propane, the ESA yields predictions of bulk thermodynamic properties which are within 5% of those obtained using the rigorous calculations.

KW - molecular-dynamics simulations

KW - effective pair potentials

KW - monte-carlo simulation

KW - integral-equation

KW - free-energy

KW - rism approximation

KW - solvation thermodynamics

KW - dielectric-constant

KW - polymer liquids

KW - simple fluids

UR - http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/j100200a069

M3 - Article

VL - 96

SP - 8582

EP - 8594

JO - Journal of Physical Chemistry B

T2 - Journal of Physical Chemistry B

JF - Journal of Physical Chemistry B

SN - 1520-6106

IS - 21

ER -