Linking space and nature syntaxes: the influence of a natural view through observed behaviour at Arcosanti, Arizona, USA

Karen Munro, David Grierson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Abstract

The world's urban population is rapidly growing, now exceeding its rural population, and is expected to reach 70% of the world’s total by 2050. Research in environmental psychology increasingly supports the Biophilia Hypothesis which holds that our connection with Nature is innate. Thus, how do we maintain a human connection to Nature in an increasingly urbanising world? The research explores the boundary between built and natural environments, specifically how proximity, initially through visual connections, to Nature affects how people use social spaces. Case study work is being undertaken at Arcosanti urban laboratory in the Arizona desert. Through development of a Space/Nature Syntax methodology applied within a uniquely compact urban form, this research attempts to understand how maintaining an instinctive bond with Nature can enhance social interactions and inform future design choices within built environments. Initial results support relationships of varying strengths between spatial connectivity, visibility of Nature, and types of social interactions. This paper explores the potential of the cross-disciplinary Space/Nature Syntax methodology as a design and analysis tool, projecting where social interactions within a built space could be influenced by visibility of Nature; where informed design can allow for the essential human/Nature connection to thrive.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development in Higher Education
EditorsWalter Leal Filho, Luciana Brandli, Paula Castro, Julia Newman
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
Pages137-158
Number of pages22
Volume1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Nov 2016

Publication series

NameWorld Sustainability Series
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
ISSN (Print)2199-7373

Fingerprint

Visibility

Keywords

  • biophilia
  • environmental psychology
  • space syntax
  • urbanisation
  • wilderness
  • design
  • built environment
  • natural environment
  • social spaces
  • nature

Cite this

Munro, K., & Grierson, D. (2016). Linking space and nature syntaxes: the influence of a natural view through observed behaviour at Arcosanti, Arizona, USA. In W. Leal Filho, L. Brandli, P. Castro, & J. Newman (Eds.), Handbook of Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development in Higher Education (Vol. 1, pp. 137-158). (World Sustainability Series). Cham, Switzerland. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47868-5_9
Munro, Karen ; Grierson, David. / Linking space and nature syntaxes : the influence of a natural view through observed behaviour at Arcosanti, Arizona, USA. Handbook of Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development in Higher Education. editor / Walter Leal Filho ; Luciana Brandli ; Paula Castro ; Julia Newman. Vol. 1 Cham, Switzerland, 2016. pp. 137-158 (World Sustainability Series).
@inbook{d2fd5686eef74f95b9c9589b1b8f2c5d,
title = "Linking space and nature syntaxes: the influence of a natural view through observed behaviour at Arcosanti, Arizona, USA",
abstract = "The world's urban population is rapidly growing, now exceeding its rural population, and is expected to reach 70{\%} of the world’s total by 2050. Research in environmental psychology increasingly supports the Biophilia Hypothesis which holds that our connection with Nature is innate. Thus, how do we maintain a human connection to Nature in an increasingly urbanising world? The research explores the boundary between built and natural environments, specifically how proximity, initially through visual connections, to Nature affects how people use social spaces. Case study work is being undertaken at Arcosanti urban laboratory in the Arizona desert. Through development of a Space/Nature Syntax methodology applied within a uniquely compact urban form, this research attempts to understand how maintaining an instinctive bond with Nature can enhance social interactions and inform future design choices within built environments. Initial results support relationships of varying strengths between spatial connectivity, visibility of Nature, and types of social interactions. This paper explores the potential of the cross-disciplinary Space/Nature Syntax methodology as a design and analysis tool, projecting where social interactions within a built space could be influenced by visibility of Nature; where informed design can allow for the essential human/Nature connection to thrive.",
keywords = "biophilia, environmental psychology , space syntax, urbanisation, wilderness, design, built environment, natural environment, social spaces, nature",
author = "Karen Munro and David Grierson",
year = "2016",
month = "11",
day = "11",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-319-47868-5_9",
language = "English",
isbn = "9783319478678",
volume = "1",
series = "World Sustainability Series",
publisher = "Springer International Publishing",
pages = "137--158",
editor = "{Leal Filho}, Walter and Luciana Brandli and Paula Castro and Julia Newman",
booktitle = "Handbook of Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development in Higher Education",

}

Munro, K & Grierson, D 2016, Linking space and nature syntaxes: the influence of a natural view through observed behaviour at Arcosanti, Arizona, USA. in W Leal Filho, L Brandli, P Castro & J Newman (eds), Handbook of Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development in Higher Education. vol. 1, World Sustainability Series, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 137-158. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47868-5_9

Linking space and nature syntaxes : the influence of a natural view through observed behaviour at Arcosanti, Arizona, USA. / Munro, Karen; Grierson, David.

Handbook of Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development in Higher Education. ed. / Walter Leal Filho; Luciana Brandli; Paula Castro; Julia Newman. Vol. 1 Cham, Switzerland, 2016. p. 137-158 (World Sustainability Series).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

TY - CHAP

T1 - Linking space and nature syntaxes

T2 - the influence of a natural view through observed behaviour at Arcosanti, Arizona, USA

AU - Munro, Karen

AU - Grierson, David

PY - 2016/11/11

Y1 - 2016/11/11

N2 - The world's urban population is rapidly growing, now exceeding its rural population, and is expected to reach 70% of the world’s total by 2050. Research in environmental psychology increasingly supports the Biophilia Hypothesis which holds that our connection with Nature is innate. Thus, how do we maintain a human connection to Nature in an increasingly urbanising world? The research explores the boundary between built and natural environments, specifically how proximity, initially through visual connections, to Nature affects how people use social spaces. Case study work is being undertaken at Arcosanti urban laboratory in the Arizona desert. Through development of a Space/Nature Syntax methodology applied within a uniquely compact urban form, this research attempts to understand how maintaining an instinctive bond with Nature can enhance social interactions and inform future design choices within built environments. Initial results support relationships of varying strengths between spatial connectivity, visibility of Nature, and types of social interactions. This paper explores the potential of the cross-disciplinary Space/Nature Syntax methodology as a design and analysis tool, projecting where social interactions within a built space could be influenced by visibility of Nature; where informed design can allow for the essential human/Nature connection to thrive.

AB - The world's urban population is rapidly growing, now exceeding its rural population, and is expected to reach 70% of the world’s total by 2050. Research in environmental psychology increasingly supports the Biophilia Hypothesis which holds that our connection with Nature is innate. Thus, how do we maintain a human connection to Nature in an increasingly urbanising world? The research explores the boundary between built and natural environments, specifically how proximity, initially through visual connections, to Nature affects how people use social spaces. Case study work is being undertaken at Arcosanti urban laboratory in the Arizona desert. Through development of a Space/Nature Syntax methodology applied within a uniquely compact urban form, this research attempts to understand how maintaining an instinctive bond with Nature can enhance social interactions and inform future design choices within built environments. Initial results support relationships of varying strengths between spatial connectivity, visibility of Nature, and types of social interactions. This paper explores the potential of the cross-disciplinary Space/Nature Syntax methodology as a design and analysis tool, projecting where social interactions within a built space could be influenced by visibility of Nature; where informed design can allow for the essential human/Nature connection to thrive.

KW - biophilia

KW - environmental psychology

KW - space syntax

KW - urbanisation

KW - wilderness

KW - design

KW - built environment

KW - natural environment

KW - social spaces

KW - nature

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-47868-5_9

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-47868-5_9

M3 - Chapter (peer-reviewed)

SN - 9783319478678

VL - 1

T3 - World Sustainability Series

SP - 137

EP - 158

BT - Handbook of Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development in Higher Education

A2 - Leal Filho, Walter

A2 - Brandli, Luciana

A2 - Castro, Paula

A2 - Newman, Julia

CY - Cham, Switzerland

ER -

Munro K, Grierson D. Linking space and nature syntaxes: the influence of a natural view through observed behaviour at Arcosanti, Arizona, USA. In Leal Filho W, Brandli L, Castro P, Newman J, editors, Handbook of Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development in Higher Education. Vol. 1. Cham, Switzerland. 2016. p. 137-158. (World Sustainability Series). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47868-5_9