Ligand exchange between arylcopper compounds and bis(hypersilyl)tin or bis(hypersilyl)lead: Synthesis and characterization of hypersilylcopper and a stannanediyl complex with a Cu-Sn bond

K W Klinkhammer, J Klett, M Niemeyer

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Abstract

Bis(hypersilyl)tin (1) and bis(hypersilyl)lead (2) [hypersilyl= Hyp = tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl] undergo ligand exchange reactions with other carbene homologues to yield heteroleptic distannenes or diplumbenes. Here we report the extension of this reaction principle to coordinatively unsaturated arylcopper(I) compounds. The primary reaction products are probably adducts with the carbene homologues as Lewis base and the arylcopper compounds as Lewis acids. This is followed by rearrangement to the adducts HypCu-E-(Hyp)Ar* (E = Sn (6) and Pb (7); Ar* = C(6)H(3)Mes(2)-2,6,) of hypersilylcopper (9) and the heteroleptic stannanediyl or plumbanediyl. The complex may be the final product or may dissociate into its component parts, free hypersilylcopper (9) and the appropriate heteroleptic carbene homologue. The colorless hypersilylcopper forms a trimer (9), in the solid state with short Cu Cu contacts (238.4-241.5 pm). All observed Cu-Si bonds are relatively long. However, shorter distances (234.9-237.4pm) alternate with longer ones (249.2 pm), such that quasi-monomeric hypersilylcopper units can be identified. The dark green complex 6 exhibits a shorter Cu-Si bond (227.3 pm), The Sn-Cu bond length was determined to be 249.9 pm. The turquoise plumbanediyl Pb(Hyp)Ar* (8) is the first strictly monomeric mixed aryl silyl derivative, even in the solid state. The steric repulsions are obviously less than in the parent homoleptic compounds because the Pb-C bond in 8 is shorter (229.0 pm) and the C-Pb-Si angle (109.2 degrees) is markedly smaller.

LanguageEnglish
Pages2531-2536
Number of pages6
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume5
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1999

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Tin
Lead
Ligands
Bond length
Reaction products
Lewis Bases
Lewis Acids
Derivatives
Acids
carbene

Keywords

  • copper
  • lead
  • low-valent compounds
  • rearrangements
  • tin
  • crystal structures
  • diarylstannylene
  • plumbylenes
  • reactivity
  • silyl
  • dimer

Cite this

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title = "Ligand exchange between arylcopper compounds and bis(hypersilyl)tin or bis(hypersilyl)lead: Synthesis and characterization of hypersilylcopper and a stannanediyl complex with a Cu-Sn bond",
abstract = "Bis(hypersilyl)tin (1) and bis(hypersilyl)lead (2) [hypersilyl= Hyp = tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl] undergo ligand exchange reactions with other carbene homologues to yield heteroleptic distannenes or diplumbenes. Here we report the extension of this reaction principle to coordinatively unsaturated arylcopper(I) compounds. The primary reaction products are probably adducts with the carbene homologues as Lewis base and the arylcopper compounds as Lewis acids. This is followed by rearrangement to the adducts HypCu-E-(Hyp)Ar* (E = Sn (6) and Pb (7); Ar* = C(6)H(3)Mes(2)-2,6,) of hypersilylcopper (9) and the heteroleptic stannanediyl or plumbanediyl. The complex may be the final product or may dissociate into its component parts, free hypersilylcopper (9) and the appropriate heteroleptic carbene homologue. The colorless hypersilylcopper forms a trimer (9), in the solid state with short Cu Cu contacts (238.4-241.5 pm). All observed Cu-Si bonds are relatively long. However, shorter distances (234.9-237.4pm) alternate with longer ones (249.2 pm), such that quasi-monomeric hypersilylcopper units can be identified. The dark green complex 6 exhibits a shorter Cu-Si bond (227.3 pm), The Sn-Cu bond length was determined to be 249.9 pm. The turquoise plumbanediyl Pb(Hyp)Ar* (8) is the first strictly monomeric mixed aryl silyl derivative, even in the solid state. The steric repulsions are obviously less than in the parent homoleptic compounds because the Pb-C bond in 8 is shorter (229.0 pm) and the C-Pb-Si angle (109.2 degrees) is markedly smaller.",
keywords = "copper, lead, low-valent compounds, rearrangements, tin, crystal structures, diarylstannylene, plumbylenes, reactivity, silyl, dimer",
author = "Klinkhammer, {K W} and J Klett and M Niemeyer",
year = "1999",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1002/(SICI)1521-3765(19990903)5:9<2531::AID-CHEM2531>3.0.CO;2-2",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Ligand exchange between arylcopper compounds and bis(hypersilyl)tin or bis(hypersilyl)lead: Synthesis and characterization of hypersilylcopper and a stannanediyl complex with a Cu-Sn bond

AU - Klinkhammer, K W

AU - Klett, J

AU - Niemeyer, M

PY - 1999/9

Y1 - 1999/9

N2 - Bis(hypersilyl)tin (1) and bis(hypersilyl)lead (2) [hypersilyl= Hyp = tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl] undergo ligand exchange reactions with other carbene homologues to yield heteroleptic distannenes or diplumbenes. Here we report the extension of this reaction principle to coordinatively unsaturated arylcopper(I) compounds. The primary reaction products are probably adducts with the carbene homologues as Lewis base and the arylcopper compounds as Lewis acids. This is followed by rearrangement to the adducts HypCu-E-(Hyp)Ar* (E = Sn (6) and Pb (7); Ar* = C(6)H(3)Mes(2)-2,6,) of hypersilylcopper (9) and the heteroleptic stannanediyl or plumbanediyl. The complex may be the final product or may dissociate into its component parts, free hypersilylcopper (9) and the appropriate heteroleptic carbene homologue. The colorless hypersilylcopper forms a trimer (9), in the solid state with short Cu Cu contacts (238.4-241.5 pm). All observed Cu-Si bonds are relatively long. However, shorter distances (234.9-237.4pm) alternate with longer ones (249.2 pm), such that quasi-monomeric hypersilylcopper units can be identified. The dark green complex 6 exhibits a shorter Cu-Si bond (227.3 pm), The Sn-Cu bond length was determined to be 249.9 pm. The turquoise plumbanediyl Pb(Hyp)Ar* (8) is the first strictly monomeric mixed aryl silyl derivative, even in the solid state. The steric repulsions are obviously less than in the parent homoleptic compounds because the Pb-C bond in 8 is shorter (229.0 pm) and the C-Pb-Si angle (109.2 degrees) is markedly smaller.

AB - Bis(hypersilyl)tin (1) and bis(hypersilyl)lead (2) [hypersilyl= Hyp = tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl] undergo ligand exchange reactions with other carbene homologues to yield heteroleptic distannenes or diplumbenes. Here we report the extension of this reaction principle to coordinatively unsaturated arylcopper(I) compounds. The primary reaction products are probably adducts with the carbene homologues as Lewis base and the arylcopper compounds as Lewis acids. This is followed by rearrangement to the adducts HypCu-E-(Hyp)Ar* (E = Sn (6) and Pb (7); Ar* = C(6)H(3)Mes(2)-2,6,) of hypersilylcopper (9) and the heteroleptic stannanediyl or plumbanediyl. The complex may be the final product or may dissociate into its component parts, free hypersilylcopper (9) and the appropriate heteroleptic carbene homologue. The colorless hypersilylcopper forms a trimer (9), in the solid state with short Cu Cu contacts (238.4-241.5 pm). All observed Cu-Si bonds are relatively long. However, shorter distances (234.9-237.4pm) alternate with longer ones (249.2 pm), such that quasi-monomeric hypersilylcopper units can be identified. The dark green complex 6 exhibits a shorter Cu-Si bond (227.3 pm), The Sn-Cu bond length was determined to be 249.9 pm. The turquoise plumbanediyl Pb(Hyp)Ar* (8) is the first strictly monomeric mixed aryl silyl derivative, even in the solid state. The steric repulsions are obviously less than in the parent homoleptic compounds because the Pb-C bond in 8 is shorter (229.0 pm) and the C-Pb-Si angle (109.2 degrees) is markedly smaller.

KW - copper

KW - lead

KW - low-valent compounds

KW - rearrangements

KW - tin

KW - crystal structures

KW - diarylstannylene

KW - plumbylenes

KW - reactivity

KW - silyl

KW - dimer

U2 - 10.1002/(SICI)1521-3765(19990903)5:9<2531::AID-CHEM2531>3.0.CO;2-2

DO - 10.1002/(SICI)1521-3765(19990903)5:9<2531::AID-CHEM2531>3.0.CO;2-2

M3 - Article

VL - 5

SP - 2531

EP - 2536

JO - Chemistry - A European Journal

T2 - Chemistry - A European Journal

JF - Chemistry - A European Journal

SN - 0947-6539

IS - 9

ER -