Life cycle assessment of marine coatings applied to ship hulls

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Abstract

This paper presents the methodology developed for Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of antifouling marine coatings with regards to fouling accumulation on hulls and maintenance of ships. The methodology is based on mathematical models vis-à-vis the environmental and monetary impacts involved in the production and application of hull coatings, added fuel consumption due to fouling accumulation on ship hulls, and hull maintenance. This subject was investigated in a recently completed EU-Funded FP7 Project entitled FOUL-X-SPEL. The LCA methodology was developed using the results of the studies conducted by FOUL-X-SPEL Consortium as well as additional data provided by coating manufacturers, shipyards and shipping companies. Following the introduction of the new LCA model, a case study was carried out to show how to utilize the model using a real tanker which is assumed to be coated with 2 different types of existing coatings, namely a silicone-based fouling release coating and a tin free self-polishing antifouling paint. The total costs and emissions due to the use of different coating types were calculated for the whole life-cycle of the ship. It has been found that CO2 emission reduction due to mitigation of fouling can be achieved using a silicone-based fouling release coating while reducing the cost by means of fuel cost reductions for the shipowners despite the additional capital expenses. The developed LCA model can help stake-holders determine the most feasible paint selection as well as the optimal hull-propeller maintenance schedules and make condition based maintenance decisions.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationTrends and Challenges in Maritime Energy Management
EditorsAykut Olcer, M. Kitada, D. Dalaklis, F. Ballini
Place of PublicationCham
Pages325-339
Number of pages15
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 May 2018

Publication series

NameWMU Studies in Maritime Affairs

Fingerprint

Life cycle
Ships
Fouling
Coatings
Silicones
Antifouling paint
Shipyards
Propellers
Cost reduction
Freight transportation
Polishing
Fuel consumption
Paint
Tin
Costs
Mathematical models
Industry

Keywords

  • life cycle assessment (LCA)
  • antifouling marine coatings
  • fouling
  • energy efficiency

Cite this

Demirel, Y. K., UZUN, D., Zhang, Y., & Turan, O. (2018). Life cycle assessment of marine coatings applied to ship hulls. In A. Olcer, M. Kitada, D. Dalaklis, & F. Ballini (Eds.), Trends and Challenges in Maritime Energy Management (Vol. 6, pp. 325-339). (WMU Studies in Maritime Affairs). Cham. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-74576-3_23
Demirel, Yigit Kemal ; UZUN, Dogancan ; Zhang, Yansheng ; Turan, Osman. / Life cycle assessment of marine coatings applied to ship hulls. Trends and Challenges in Maritime Energy Management. editor / Aykut Olcer ; M. Kitada ; D. Dalaklis ; F. Ballini. Vol. 6 Cham, 2018. pp. 325-339 (WMU Studies in Maritime Affairs).
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Demirel, YK, UZUN, D, Zhang, Y & Turan, O 2018, Life cycle assessment of marine coatings applied to ship hulls. in A Olcer, M Kitada, D Dalaklis & F Ballini (eds), Trends and Challenges in Maritime Energy Management. vol. 6, WMU Studies in Maritime Affairs, Cham, pp. 325-339. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-74576-3_23

Life cycle assessment of marine coatings applied to ship hulls. / Demirel, Yigit Kemal; UZUN, Dogancan; Zhang, Yansheng; Turan, Osman.

Trends and Challenges in Maritime Energy Management. ed. / Aykut Olcer; M. Kitada; D. Dalaklis; F. Ballini. Vol. 6 Cham, 2018. p. 325-339 (WMU Studies in Maritime Affairs).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

TY - CHAP

T1 - Life cycle assessment of marine coatings applied to ship hulls

AU - Demirel,Yigit Kemal

AU - UZUN,Dogancan

AU - Zhang,Yansheng

AU - Turan,Osman

PY - 2018/5/4

Y1 - 2018/5/4

N2 - This paper presents the methodology developed for Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of antifouling marine coatings with regards to fouling accumulation on hulls and maintenance of ships. The methodology is based on mathematical models vis-à-vis the environmental and monetary impacts involved in the production and application of hull coatings, added fuel consumption due to fouling accumulation on ship hulls, and hull maintenance. This subject was investigated in a recently completed EU-Funded FP7 Project entitled FOUL-X-SPEL. The LCA methodology was developed using the results of the studies conducted by FOUL-X-SPEL Consortium as well as additional data provided by coating manufacturers, shipyards and shipping companies. Following the introduction of the new LCA model, a case study was carried out to show how to utilize the model using a real tanker which is assumed to be coated with 2 different types of existing coatings, namely a silicone-based fouling release coating and a tin free self-polishing antifouling paint. The total costs and emissions due to the use of different coating types were calculated for the whole life-cycle of the ship. It has been found that CO2 emission reduction due to mitigation of fouling can be achieved using a silicone-based fouling release coating while reducing the cost by means of fuel cost reductions for the shipowners despite the additional capital expenses. The developed LCA model can help stake-holders determine the most feasible paint selection as well as the optimal hull-propeller maintenance schedules and make condition based maintenance decisions.

AB - This paper presents the methodology developed for Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of antifouling marine coatings with regards to fouling accumulation on hulls and maintenance of ships. The methodology is based on mathematical models vis-à-vis the environmental and monetary impacts involved in the production and application of hull coatings, added fuel consumption due to fouling accumulation on ship hulls, and hull maintenance. This subject was investigated in a recently completed EU-Funded FP7 Project entitled FOUL-X-SPEL. The LCA methodology was developed using the results of the studies conducted by FOUL-X-SPEL Consortium as well as additional data provided by coating manufacturers, shipyards and shipping companies. Following the introduction of the new LCA model, a case study was carried out to show how to utilize the model using a real tanker which is assumed to be coated with 2 different types of existing coatings, namely a silicone-based fouling release coating and a tin free self-polishing antifouling paint. The total costs and emissions due to the use of different coating types were calculated for the whole life-cycle of the ship. It has been found that CO2 emission reduction due to mitigation of fouling can be achieved using a silicone-based fouling release coating while reducing the cost by means of fuel cost reductions for the shipowners despite the additional capital expenses. The developed LCA model can help stake-holders determine the most feasible paint selection as well as the optimal hull-propeller maintenance schedules and make condition based maintenance decisions.

KW - life cycle assessment (LCA)

KW - antifouling marine coatings

KW - fouling

KW - energy efficiency

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-74576-3_23

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-74576-3_23

M3 - Chapter (peer-reviewed)

SN - 9783319745756

VL - 6

T3 - WMU Studies in Maritime Affairs

SP - 325

EP - 339

BT - Trends and Challenges in Maritime Energy Management

CY - Cham

ER -

Demirel YK, UZUN D, Zhang Y, Turan O. Life cycle assessment of marine coatings applied to ship hulls. In Olcer A, Kitada M, Dalaklis D, Ballini F, editors, Trends and Challenges in Maritime Energy Management. Vol. 6. Cham. 2018. p. 325-339. (WMU Studies in Maritime Affairs). Available from, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-74576-3_23