This paper draws on work carried out by Sen, Kendrick, Milligan and Hawthorn commissioned as part of the Historic Abuse Systemic Review by the Scottish Executive in 2007. It considers the evidence base regarding abuse in residential child care from 1945 with a specific focus on Scotland. It reviews the context set for residential child care post-1945 by the Clyde and Curtis reports, outlines how the residential child care sector developed following this, provides an overview of evidence and awareness of abuse in residential child care establishments after the 1948 Children's Act, giving particular consideration to the public inquiries and reviews of residential child care which there have been in Scotland, explores research evidence regarding the safety of convictions of residential child care workers found guilty of child abuse, and provides an overview of the main policy and practice developments which there have subsequently been in Scotland. The paper concludes by considering the progress that has been made in developing safeguards in Scotland and identifying areas where further research and development are required.
- child abuse
- institutional abuse
- prevention of child abuse
- residential care
Sen, R., Kendrick, A., Milligan, I., & Hawthorn, M. (2008). Lessons learnt? Abuse in residential child care in Scotland. Child and Family Social Work, 13(4), 411-422. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2206.2008.00566.x