Lessons learned from dike failures in recent decades

Cor Zwanenburg, Norma Patricia López-Acosta, Rémy Tourment, Alessandro Tarantino, Annarita Pozzato, Alexandre Pinto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The paper describes five different dike failures that occurred in recent decades. The case histories were located on different rivers and involved different loading conditions. The observed failure mechanisms involved erosion and stability problems. The types of erosion observed were both internal erosion due to extreme groundwater flow and external erosion caused by the river flow and wave action. The case involving instability was caused by uplift, i.e., increased hydraulic head led to a sharp reduction in maximum shear strength between subsoil layers. Two cases demonstrate the importance of dike management and maintenance. Despite the variations in the loading conditions and failure mechanisms, all the cases show that the strength of a dike depends not only on the material used to build the dike but also on the strength of the subsoil.
LanguageEnglish
Pages203-229
Number of pages27
JournalInternational Journal of Geoengineering Case Histories
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Jul 2018

Fingerprint

Levees
Erosion
Rivers
Groundwater flow
Shear strength
Hydraulics

Keywords

  • dikes
  • failure
  • erosion
  • stability
  • uplift

Cite this

Zwanenburg, C., López-Acosta, N. P., Tourment, R., Tarantino, A., Pozzato, A., & Pinto, A. (2018). Lessons learned from dike failures in recent decades. International Journal of Geoengineering Case Histories, 4(3), 203-229. DOI: 10.4417/IJGCH-04-03-04
Zwanenburg, Cor ; López-Acosta, Norma Patricia ; Tourment, Rémy ; Tarantino, Alessandro ; Pozzato, Annarita ; Pinto, Alexandre . / Lessons learned from dike failures in recent decades. In: International Journal of Geoengineering Case Histories. 2018 ; Vol. 4, No. 3. pp. 203-229
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Zwanenburg, C, López-Acosta, NP, Tourment, R, Tarantino, A, Pozzato, A & Pinto, A 2018, 'Lessons learned from dike failures in recent decades' International Journal of Geoengineering Case Histories, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 203-229. DOI: 10.4417/IJGCH-04-03-04

Lessons learned from dike failures in recent decades. / Zwanenburg, Cor ; López-Acosta, Norma Patricia; Tourment, Rémy ; Tarantino, Alessandro; Pozzato, Annarita; Pinto, Alexandre .

In: International Journal of Geoengineering Case Histories, Vol. 4, No. 3, 03.07.2018, p. 203-229.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Zwanenburg C, López-Acosta NP, Tourment R, Tarantino A, Pozzato A, Pinto A. Lessons learned from dike failures in recent decades. International Journal of Geoengineering Case Histories. 2018 Jul 3;4(3):203-229. Available from, DOI: 10.4417/IJGCH-04-03-04