Leg stiffness and damping factors as a function of running speed

C.A. Walker, R. Blair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

McMahon and Greene showed, in 1979, that it is possible to design a running track with a compliance that will reduce the shock loading on the legs of the athletes, and yet will enable them to return fast times. Since then, attempts have been made to find a combination of properties in a running shoe that would achieve the same ends. The extent to which the stiffness of the midsole may be reduced is limited by the need for the athlete's ankle to maintain a high degree of stability. On the other hand, it has been predicted from modelling studies that the damping properties of running shoe midsoles may be controlled to reduce the impact shock that is imparted to each leg of a runner, as the heel strikes the ground at the initiation of the contact phase.
LanguageEnglish
Pages129-140
Number of pages11
JournalSports Engineering
Volume5
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Fingerprint

Shoes
Athletes
Shock
Stiffness
Leg
Damping
Heel
Ankle
Compliance
Contact
Modeling
Design

Keywords

  • sports technology
  • design engineering
  • sport
  • running

Cite this

Walker, C.A. ; Blair, R. / Leg stiffness and damping factors as a function of running speed. In: Sports Engineering. 2002 ; Vol. 5, No. 3. pp. 129-140.
@article{e249929580e34b03ae926512c93ac550,
title = "Leg stiffness and damping factors as a function of running speed",
abstract = "McMahon and Greene showed, in 1979, that it is possible to design a running track with a compliance that will reduce the shock loading on the legs of the athletes, and yet will enable them to return fast times. Since then, attempts have been made to find a combination of properties in a running shoe that would achieve the same ends. The extent to which the stiffness of the midsole may be reduced is limited by the need for the athlete's ankle to maintain a high degree of stability. On the other hand, it has been predicted from modelling studies that the damping properties of running shoe midsoles may be controlled to reduce the impact shock that is imparted to each leg of a runner, as the heel strikes the ground at the initiation of the contact phase.",
keywords = "sports technology, design engineering, sport, running",
author = "C.A. Walker and R. Blair",
year = "2002",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
pages = "129--140",
journal = "Sports Engineering",
issn = "1369-7072",
number = "3",

}

Walker, CA & Blair, R 2002, 'Leg stiffness and damping factors as a function of running speed' Sports Engineering, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 129-140.

Leg stiffness and damping factors as a function of running speed. / Walker, C.A.; Blair, R.

In: Sports Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 3, 2002, p. 129-140.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Leg stiffness and damping factors as a function of running speed

AU - Walker, C.A.

AU - Blair, R.

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - McMahon and Greene showed, in 1979, that it is possible to design a running track with a compliance that will reduce the shock loading on the legs of the athletes, and yet will enable them to return fast times. Since then, attempts have been made to find a combination of properties in a running shoe that would achieve the same ends. The extent to which the stiffness of the midsole may be reduced is limited by the need for the athlete's ankle to maintain a high degree of stability. On the other hand, it has been predicted from modelling studies that the damping properties of running shoe midsoles may be controlled to reduce the impact shock that is imparted to each leg of a runner, as the heel strikes the ground at the initiation of the contact phase.

AB - McMahon and Greene showed, in 1979, that it is possible to design a running track with a compliance that will reduce the shock loading on the legs of the athletes, and yet will enable them to return fast times. Since then, attempts have been made to find a combination of properties in a running shoe that would achieve the same ends. The extent to which the stiffness of the midsole may be reduced is limited by the need for the athlete's ankle to maintain a high degree of stability. On the other hand, it has been predicted from modelling studies that the damping properties of running shoe midsoles may be controlled to reduce the impact shock that is imparted to each leg of a runner, as the heel strikes the ground at the initiation of the contact phase.

KW - sports technology

KW - design engineering

KW - sport

KW - running

UR - http://www.sportsengineering.co.uk/journal.php#previou

UR - http://www.springerlink.com/content/1369-7072

M3 - Article

VL - 5

SP - 129

EP - 140

JO - Sports Engineering

T2 - Sports Engineering

JF - Sports Engineering

SN - 1369-7072

IS - 3

ER -