Laser diffraction effects on the Rayleigh-Taylor instability of radiation pressure accelerated thin foils

B. Eliasson, Z. M. Sheng, T. Heelis, T. C. Liu, X. Shao, C. S. Liu

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Abstract

We present a theoretical model for the Rayleigh-Taylor (RT)-like instability for a thin foil accelerated by an intense laser, taking into account diffraction effects due to the finite wavelength of the laser wave. The diffraction effects become important when the laser light is scattered off the periodic structures arising from the instability of the foil, and significantly modify the growth rate of the RT-like instability when the perturbations on the foil have wavenumbers comparable to or larger than the laser wavenumber. In particular, the growth rate has a maximum at the resonance arising when the perturbation wavenumber approximately equals the laser wavenumber. The standard RT instability due to a pressure difference between the two sides of a foil, is approximately recovered for perturbation wavenumbers smaller than the laser wavenumber, while in the opposite case, when the perturbation wavenumbers are larger than the laser wavenumber, the reflected laser light is evanescent and the growth rate is smaller than that of the Rayleigh- Taylor instability. Differences in the results for different polarizations and angles of incidence of the laser light are discussed. Preliminary comparisons with particle-in-cell simulation results show good agreement with the theoretical model, with a maximum growth rate for perturbation wavelengths near the laser wavelength. The presented model has significance to radiation pressure acceleration of thin foils, where RT-like instabilities are significant obstacles for the realization of mono-energetic ion beams needed for medical applications.

Conference

Conference42nd IoP Plasma Physics Conference
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityMilton Keynes
Period30/03/152/04/15

Fingerprint

Taylor instability
radiation pressure
foils
diffraction
lasers
perturbation
wavelengths
incidence
ion beams

Keywords

  • laser diffraction
  • Rayleigh-Taylor instability
  • radiation pressure
  • thin foils

Cite this

Eliasson, B., Sheng, Z. M., Heelis, T., Liu, T. C., Shao, X., & Liu, C. S. (2015). Laser diffraction effects on the Rayleigh-Taylor instability of radiation pressure accelerated thin foils. 25. Abstract from 42nd IoP Plasma Physics Conference, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom.
Eliasson, B. ; Sheng, Z. M. ; Heelis, T. ; Liu, T. C. ; Shao, X. ; Liu, C. S. / Laser diffraction effects on the Rayleigh-Taylor instability of radiation pressure accelerated thin foils. Abstract from 42nd IoP Plasma Physics Conference, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom.1 p.
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title = "Laser diffraction effects on the Rayleigh-Taylor instability of radiation pressure accelerated thin foils",
abstract = "We present a theoretical model for the Rayleigh-Taylor (RT)-like instability for a thin foil accelerated by an intense laser, taking into account diffraction effects due to the finite wavelength of the laser wave. The diffraction effects become important when the laser light is scattered off the periodic structures arising from the instability of the foil, and significantly modify the growth rate of the RT-like instability when the perturbations on the foil have wavenumbers comparable to or larger than the laser wavenumber. In particular, the growth rate has a maximum at the resonance arising when the perturbation wavenumber approximately equals the laser wavenumber. The standard RT instability due to a pressure difference between the two sides of a foil, is approximately recovered for perturbation wavenumbers smaller than the laser wavenumber, while in the opposite case, when the perturbation wavenumbers are larger than the laser wavenumber, the reflected laser light is evanescent and the growth rate is smaller than that of the Rayleigh- Taylor instability. Differences in the results for different polarizations and angles of incidence of the laser light are discussed. Preliminary comparisons with particle-in-cell simulation results show good agreement with the theoretical model, with a maximum growth rate for perturbation wavelengths near the laser wavelength. The presented model has significance to radiation pressure acceleration of thin foils, where RT-like instabilities are significant obstacles for the realization of mono-energetic ion beams needed for medical applications.",
keywords = "laser diffraction, Rayleigh-Taylor instability, radiation pressure , thin foils",
author = "B. Eliasson and Sheng, {Z. M.} and T. Heelis and Liu, {T. C.} and X. Shao and Liu, {C. S.}",
year = "2015",
month = "4",
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language = "English",
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note = "42nd IoP Plasma Physics Conference ; Conference date: 30-03-2015 Through 02-04-2015",

}

Eliasson, B, Sheng, ZM, Heelis, T, Liu, TC, Shao, X & Liu, CS 2015, 'Laser diffraction effects on the Rayleigh-Taylor instability of radiation pressure accelerated thin foils' 42nd IoP Plasma Physics Conference, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom, 30/03/15 - 2/04/15, pp. 25.

Laser diffraction effects on the Rayleigh-Taylor instability of radiation pressure accelerated thin foils. / Eliasson, B.; Sheng, Z. M.; Heelis, T.; Liu, T. C.; Shao, X.; Liu, C. S.

2015. 25 Abstract from 42nd IoP Plasma Physics Conference, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

TY - CONF

T1 - Laser diffraction effects on the Rayleigh-Taylor instability of radiation pressure accelerated thin foils

AU - Eliasson, B.

AU - Sheng, Z. M.

AU - Heelis, T.

AU - Liu, T. C.

AU - Shao, X.

AU - Liu, C. S.

PY - 2015/4/2

Y1 - 2015/4/2

N2 - We present a theoretical model for the Rayleigh-Taylor (RT)-like instability for a thin foil accelerated by an intense laser, taking into account diffraction effects due to the finite wavelength of the laser wave. The diffraction effects become important when the laser light is scattered off the periodic structures arising from the instability of the foil, and significantly modify the growth rate of the RT-like instability when the perturbations on the foil have wavenumbers comparable to or larger than the laser wavenumber. In particular, the growth rate has a maximum at the resonance arising when the perturbation wavenumber approximately equals the laser wavenumber. The standard RT instability due to a pressure difference between the two sides of a foil, is approximately recovered for perturbation wavenumbers smaller than the laser wavenumber, while in the opposite case, when the perturbation wavenumbers are larger than the laser wavenumber, the reflected laser light is evanescent and the growth rate is smaller than that of the Rayleigh- Taylor instability. Differences in the results for different polarizations and angles of incidence of the laser light are discussed. Preliminary comparisons with particle-in-cell simulation results show good agreement with the theoretical model, with a maximum growth rate for perturbation wavelengths near the laser wavelength. The presented model has significance to radiation pressure acceleration of thin foils, where RT-like instabilities are significant obstacles for the realization of mono-energetic ion beams needed for medical applications.

AB - We present a theoretical model for the Rayleigh-Taylor (RT)-like instability for a thin foil accelerated by an intense laser, taking into account diffraction effects due to the finite wavelength of the laser wave. The diffraction effects become important when the laser light is scattered off the periodic structures arising from the instability of the foil, and significantly modify the growth rate of the RT-like instability when the perturbations on the foil have wavenumbers comparable to or larger than the laser wavenumber. In particular, the growth rate has a maximum at the resonance arising when the perturbation wavenumber approximately equals the laser wavenumber. The standard RT instability due to a pressure difference between the two sides of a foil, is approximately recovered for perturbation wavenumbers smaller than the laser wavenumber, while in the opposite case, when the perturbation wavenumbers are larger than the laser wavenumber, the reflected laser light is evanescent and the growth rate is smaller than that of the Rayleigh- Taylor instability. Differences in the results for different polarizations and angles of incidence of the laser light are discussed. Preliminary comparisons with particle-in-cell simulation results show good agreement with the theoretical model, with a maximum growth rate for perturbation wavelengths near the laser wavelength. The presented model has significance to radiation pressure acceleration of thin foils, where RT-like instabilities are significant obstacles for the realization of mono-energetic ion beams needed for medical applications.

KW - laser diffraction

KW - Rayleigh-Taylor instability

KW - radiation pressure

KW - thin foils

UR - http://plasma15.iopconfs.org/IOP/media/uploaded/EVIOP/event_626/Final%20final%20abstract.pdf

UR - http://plasma15.iopconfs.org/home

M3 - Abstract

SP - 25

ER -

Eliasson B, Sheng ZM, Heelis T, Liu TC, Shao X, Liu CS. Laser diffraction effects on the Rayleigh-Taylor instability of radiation pressure accelerated thin foils. 2015. Abstract from 42nd IoP Plasma Physics Conference, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom.