Lab-cultured biofilm stabilization of non-cohesive sediments

Quantifying the elastic constant, k

E. Vignaga, H. Haynes, W. T. Sloan, A. Fernandes, M. Jarvis, T. K. Beattie, V. R. Phoenix

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

Abstract

A monoculture of cyanobacterium (Phormidium sp.) was grown for up to 10 weeks on spherical glass beads (d50 = 1.09 mm) under constant unidirectional flow conditions. Using a 0.3 m × 15m flume facility, the strength of biofilm-sediments adhesion was tested at the threshold of entrainment. High speed videographic analysis focussed on biofilm entrainment at two different scales (small = 4.5 cm × 3.4 cm; large =20cm × 20 cm) and image post processing employed the software ImageJ. Results indicated a 23-77% increase in the threshold of entrainment of biostabilized sediment, compared with that of abiotic sediment. The biofilm was sufficiently strong that tensile testing could be employed to elucidate its material properties and those of the composite of biofilm and sediment. Both exhibited elastic behaviour which could be characterized by Hooke's Law. Describing the strength of biofilm in this manner will allow modification of traditional abiotic models of sediment transport to incorporate the binding effects of an elastic biofilm.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnvironmental Hydraulics
Subtitle of host publicationTheoretical, Experimental and Computational Solutions - Proceedings of the International Workshop on Environmental Hydraulics, IWEH 2009
EditorsPetra Amparo López Jiménez, V.S. Fuertes-Miquel, P.L. Iglesias-Rey, G. Lopez-Patino, F.J. Martinez-Solano, G. Palau-Salvador
Place of PublicationBoca Raton
Pages183-186
Number of pages4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Event1st International Workshop on Environmental Hydraulics, IWEH 2009 - Valencia, Spain
Duration: 29 Oct 200930 Oct 2009

Conference

Conference1st International Workshop on Environmental Hydraulics, IWEH 2009
CountrySpain
CityValencia
Period29/10/0930/10/09

Fingerprint

Biofilms
Elastic constants
Sediments
Stabilization
Sediment transport
Tensile testing
Materials properties
Adhesion
Glass
Composite materials
Processing

Keywords

  • biofilm
  • biostabilization
  • entrainment
  • flume
  • non-cohesive sediment
  • tensile test

Cite this

Vignaga, E., Haynes, H., Sloan, W. T., Fernandes, A., Jarvis, M., Beattie, T. K., & Phoenix, V. R. (2010). Lab-cultured biofilm stabilization of non-cohesive sediments: Quantifying the elastic constant, k. In P. A. L. Jiménez, V. S. Fuertes-Miquel, P. L. Iglesias-Rey, G. Lopez-Patino, F. J. Martinez-Solano, & G. Palau-Salvador (Eds.), Environmental Hydraulics: Theoretical, Experimental and Computational Solutions - Proceedings of the International Workshop on Environmental Hydraulics, IWEH 2009 (pp. 183-186). Boca Raton. https://doi.org/10.1201/b10999-47
Vignaga, E. ; Haynes, H. ; Sloan, W. T. ; Fernandes, A. ; Jarvis, M. ; Beattie, T. K. ; Phoenix, V. R. / Lab-cultured biofilm stabilization of non-cohesive sediments : Quantifying the elastic constant, k. Environmental Hydraulics: Theoretical, Experimental and Computational Solutions - Proceedings of the International Workshop on Environmental Hydraulics, IWEH 2009. editor / Petra Amparo López Jiménez ; V.S. Fuertes-Miquel ; P.L. Iglesias-Rey ; G. Lopez-Patino ; F.J. Martinez-Solano ; G. Palau-Salvador. Boca Raton, 2010. pp. 183-186
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Vignaga, E, Haynes, H, Sloan, WT, Fernandes, A, Jarvis, M, Beattie, TK & Phoenix, VR 2010, Lab-cultured biofilm stabilization of non-cohesive sediments: Quantifying the elastic constant, k. in PAL Jiménez, VS Fuertes-Miquel, PL Iglesias-Rey, G Lopez-Patino, FJ Martinez-Solano & G Palau-Salvador (eds), Environmental Hydraulics: Theoretical, Experimental and Computational Solutions - Proceedings of the International Workshop on Environmental Hydraulics, IWEH 2009. Boca Raton, pp. 183-186, 1st International Workshop on Environmental Hydraulics, IWEH 2009, Valencia, Spain, 29/10/09. https://doi.org/10.1201/b10999-47

Lab-cultured biofilm stabilization of non-cohesive sediments : Quantifying the elastic constant, k. / Vignaga, E.; Haynes, H.; Sloan, W. T.; Fernandes, A.; Jarvis, M.; Beattie, T. K.; Phoenix, V. R.

Environmental Hydraulics: Theoretical, Experimental and Computational Solutions - Proceedings of the International Workshop on Environmental Hydraulics, IWEH 2009. ed. / Petra Amparo López Jiménez; V.S. Fuertes-Miquel; P.L. Iglesias-Rey; G. Lopez-Patino; F.J. Martinez-Solano; G. Palau-Salvador. Boca Raton, 2010. p. 183-186.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

TY - GEN

T1 - Lab-cultured biofilm stabilization of non-cohesive sediments

T2 - Quantifying the elastic constant, k

AU - Vignaga, E.

AU - Haynes, H.

AU - Sloan, W. T.

AU - Fernandes, A.

AU - Jarvis, M.

AU - Beattie, T. K.

AU - Phoenix, V. R.

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AB - A monoculture of cyanobacterium (Phormidium sp.) was grown for up to 10 weeks on spherical glass beads (d50 = 1.09 mm) under constant unidirectional flow conditions. Using a 0.3 m × 15m flume facility, the strength of biofilm-sediments adhesion was tested at the threshold of entrainment. High speed videographic analysis focussed on biofilm entrainment at two different scales (small = 4.5 cm × 3.4 cm; large =20cm × 20 cm) and image post processing employed the software ImageJ. Results indicated a 23-77% increase in the threshold of entrainment of biostabilized sediment, compared with that of abiotic sediment. The biofilm was sufficiently strong that tensile testing could be employed to elucidate its material properties and those of the composite of biofilm and sediment. Both exhibited elastic behaviour which could be characterized by Hooke's Law. Describing the strength of biofilm in this manner will allow modification of traditional abiotic models of sediment transport to incorporate the binding effects of an elastic biofilm.

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Vignaga E, Haynes H, Sloan WT, Fernandes A, Jarvis M, Beattie TK et al. Lab-cultured biofilm stabilization of non-cohesive sediments: Quantifying the elastic constant, k. In Jiménez PAL, Fuertes-Miquel VS, Iglesias-Rey PL, Lopez-Patino G, Martinez-Solano FJ, Palau-Salvador G, editors, Environmental Hydraulics: Theoretical, Experimental and Computational Solutions - Proceedings of the International Workshop on Environmental Hydraulics, IWEH 2009. Boca Raton. 2010. p. 183-186 https://doi.org/10.1201/b10999-47