Jump Start childcare-based intervention to promote physical activity in pre-schoolers: six-month findings from a cluster randomised trial

Anthony D. Okely, Rebecca M. Stanley, Rachel A. Jones, Dylan P. Cliff, Stewart G. Trost, Donna Berthelsen, Jo Salmon, Marijka Batterham, Simon Eckermann, John J. Reilly, Ngiare Brown, Karen J. Mickle, Steven J. Howard, Trina Hinkley, Xanne Janssen, Paul Chandler, Penny Cross, Fay Gowers

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Participation in adequate levels of physical activity during the early years is important for health and development. We report the 6-month effects of an 18-month multicomponent intervention on physical activity in early childhood education and care (ECEC) settings in low-income communities. METHODS: A cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted in 43 ECEC settings in disadvantaged areas of New South Wales, Australia. Three-year-old children were recruited and assessed in the first half of 2015 with follow-up 6 months later. The intervention was guided by Social Cognitive Theory and included five components. The primary outcome was minutes per hour in total physical activity during ECEC hours measured using Actigraph accelerometers. Intention-to-treat analysis of the primary outcome was conducted using a generalized linear mixed model. RESULTS: A total of 658 children were assessed at baseline. Of these, 558 (85%) had valid accelerometer data (mean age 3.38y, 52% boys) and 508 (77%) had valid accelerometry data at 6-month follow-up. Implementation of the intervention components ranged from 38 to 72%. There were no significant intervention effects on mins/hr. spent in physical activity (adjusted difference = - 0.17 mins/hr., 95% CI (- 1.30 to 0.97), p = 0.78). A priori sub-group analyses showed a greater effect among overweight/obese children in the control group compared with the intervention group for mins/hr. of physical activity (2.35mins/hr., [0.28 to 4.43], p = 0.036). CONCLUSIONS: After six-months the Jump Start intervention had no effect on physical activity levels during ECEC. This was largely due to low levels of implementation. Increasing fidelity may result in higher levels of physical activity when outcomes are assessed at 18-months. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry  ACTRN12614000597695.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Volume17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • physical activity
  • children
  • early childhood
  • randomised controlled trial
  • sedentary behavior
  • disadvantage

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