Holographic video streaming requires ultrahigh channel capacity, which might not be achieved by the existing radio frequency-based wireless networks. To address this challenge, we propose a holographic video cooperative streaming framework by integrating coordinated multipoint transmission and beamforming technologies in visible light communication (VLC) systems. This framework enables simultaneous video streaming with an ultrahigh data rate for multiple users in the VLC system, resulting in a more efficient and effective streaming process. By mathematically modeling the streaming framework, we formulate a joint bitrate selection and beamforming problem, aiming to maximize the average video quality experienced by all users. The problem is a non-convex mixed-integer problem and is NP-hard in general. We propose an algorithm with polynomial time complexity for the problem using an alternative optimization technique along with an appropriate rounding operation. Numerical results demonstrate the superiority of the proposed joint bitrate selection and beamforming solution over baselines.
- holographic video streaming
- visible light communication
- coordinated multipoint transmission
- bitrate selection