Ionization induced electron injection in laser wakefield acceleration

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this chapter we describe and discuss a special technique in laser wakefield acceleration (LWFA): electron injection by use of field ionization of atoms to high orders. Compared with other electron injection schemes in LWFA, this scheme shows the merits of relatively simple operation and controllable final beam quality. In the single-color laser ionization injection scheme, we show quasi-monoenergetic electron acceleration is possible through the control of laser self-focusing, which includes self-focusing accommodated ionization injection or ionization injection suppression. In these processes the effective injection length can be controlled within a hundred micrometers range and the absolute energy spread of the beam can be controlled within tens of MeV. In the two-color laser ionization injection scheme, we show the effective injection length can be further reduced to tens of micrometers length, and the absolute energy spread of the electrons can be reduced to a few MeV, i.e. the relative energy spread can be less than 0.5 %. A further interesting result is the generation of multi-color electron bunches by use of two-color lasers . These electrons can be used for multi-color X-ray generation through laser beam Thomson scattering. It is also found that the transverse emittance of the electron beam can be significantly reduced by a different two-color ionization injection scheme, in which the wake excitation and electron injection are made by using lasers with different wavelength, respectively. The final transverse emittance of the beam can be about 10 nm rad. Some recent progresses worldwide in experimental demonstrations of ionization injection are reviewed briefly. Some prospects of ionization injection for practical applications in laser wakefield accelerators are also discussed.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationLaser-Driven Particle Acceleration Towards Radiobiology and Medicine
EditorsAntonio Giulietti
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
PublisherSpringer
Pages163-182
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)9783319315614
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 May 2016

Publication series

NameBiological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering
PublisherSpringer
ISSN (Print)1618-7210

Fingerprint

injection
ionization
lasers
electrons
color
electron acceleration
self focusing
emittance
micrometers
Thomson scattering
wakes
energy
accelerators
retarding
laser beams
electron beams
wavelengths
excitation
atoms

Keywords

  • medical and radiation physics
  • nuclear medicine
  • biomedical engineering
  • particle acceleration
  • beam physics
  • laser pulse

Cite this

Chen, M., & Sheng, Z-M. (2016). Ionization induced electron injection in laser wakefield acceleration. In A. Giulietti (Ed.), Laser-Driven Particle Acceleration Towards Radiobiology and Medicine (pp. 163-182). (Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering). Cham, Switzerland: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31563-8_7
Chen, Min ; Sheng, Zheng-Ming. / Ionization induced electron injection in laser wakefield acceleration. Laser-Driven Particle Acceleration Towards Radiobiology and Medicine. editor / Antonio Giulietti. Cham, Switzerland : Springer, 2016. pp. 163-182 (Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering).
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abstract = "In this chapter we describe and discuss a special technique in laser wakefield acceleration (LWFA): electron injection by use of field ionization of atoms to high orders. Compared with other electron injection schemes in LWFA, this scheme shows the merits of relatively simple operation and controllable final beam quality. In the single-color laser ionization injection scheme, we show quasi-monoenergetic electron acceleration is possible through the control of laser self-focusing, which includes self-focusing accommodated ionization injection or ionization injection suppression. In these processes the effective injection length can be controlled within a hundred micrometers range and the absolute energy spread of the beam can be controlled within tens of MeV. In the two-color laser ionization injection scheme, we show the effective injection length can be further reduced to tens of micrometers length, and the absolute energy spread of the electrons can be reduced to a few MeV, i.e. the relative energy spread can be less than 0.5 {\%}. A further interesting result is the generation of multi-color electron bunches by use of two-color lasers . These electrons can be used for multi-color X-ray generation through laser beam Thomson scattering. It is also found that the transverse emittance of the electron beam can be significantly reduced by a different two-color ionization injection scheme, in which the wake excitation and electron injection are made by using lasers with different wavelength, respectively. The final transverse emittance of the beam can be about 10 nm rad. Some recent progresses worldwide in experimental demonstrations of ionization injection are reviewed briefly. Some prospects of ionization injection for practical applications in laser wakefield accelerators are also discussed.",
keywords = "medical and radiation physics, nuclear medicine, biomedical engineering, particle acceleration, beam physics, laser pulse",
author = "Min Chen and Zheng-Ming Sheng",
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Chen, M & Sheng, Z-M 2016, Ionization induced electron injection in laser wakefield acceleration. in A Giulietti (ed.), Laser-Driven Particle Acceleration Towards Radiobiology and Medicine. Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 163-182. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31563-8_7

Ionization induced electron injection in laser wakefield acceleration. / Chen, Min ; Sheng, Zheng-Ming.

Laser-Driven Particle Acceleration Towards Radiobiology and Medicine. ed. / Antonio Giulietti. Cham, Switzerland : Springer, 2016. p. 163-182 (Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Ionization induced electron injection in laser wakefield acceleration

AU - Chen, Min

AU - Sheng, Zheng-Ming

PY - 2016/5/5

Y1 - 2016/5/5

N2 - In this chapter we describe and discuss a special technique in laser wakefield acceleration (LWFA): electron injection by use of field ionization of atoms to high orders. Compared with other electron injection schemes in LWFA, this scheme shows the merits of relatively simple operation and controllable final beam quality. In the single-color laser ionization injection scheme, we show quasi-monoenergetic electron acceleration is possible through the control of laser self-focusing, which includes self-focusing accommodated ionization injection or ionization injection suppression. In these processes the effective injection length can be controlled within a hundred micrometers range and the absolute energy spread of the beam can be controlled within tens of MeV. In the two-color laser ionization injection scheme, we show the effective injection length can be further reduced to tens of micrometers length, and the absolute energy spread of the electrons can be reduced to a few MeV, i.e. the relative energy spread can be less than 0.5 %. A further interesting result is the generation of multi-color electron bunches by use of two-color lasers . These electrons can be used for multi-color X-ray generation through laser beam Thomson scattering. It is also found that the transverse emittance of the electron beam can be significantly reduced by a different two-color ionization injection scheme, in which the wake excitation and electron injection are made by using lasers with different wavelength, respectively. The final transverse emittance of the beam can be about 10 nm rad. Some recent progresses worldwide in experimental demonstrations of ionization injection are reviewed briefly. Some prospects of ionization injection for practical applications in laser wakefield accelerators are also discussed.

AB - In this chapter we describe and discuss a special technique in laser wakefield acceleration (LWFA): electron injection by use of field ionization of atoms to high orders. Compared with other electron injection schemes in LWFA, this scheme shows the merits of relatively simple operation and controllable final beam quality. In the single-color laser ionization injection scheme, we show quasi-monoenergetic electron acceleration is possible through the control of laser self-focusing, which includes self-focusing accommodated ionization injection or ionization injection suppression. In these processes the effective injection length can be controlled within a hundred micrometers range and the absolute energy spread of the beam can be controlled within tens of MeV. In the two-color laser ionization injection scheme, we show the effective injection length can be further reduced to tens of micrometers length, and the absolute energy spread of the electrons can be reduced to a few MeV, i.e. the relative energy spread can be less than 0.5 %. A further interesting result is the generation of multi-color electron bunches by use of two-color lasers . These electrons can be used for multi-color X-ray generation through laser beam Thomson scattering. It is also found that the transverse emittance of the electron beam can be significantly reduced by a different two-color ionization injection scheme, in which the wake excitation and electron injection are made by using lasers with different wavelength, respectively. The final transverse emittance of the beam can be about 10 nm rad. Some recent progresses worldwide in experimental demonstrations of ionization injection are reviewed briefly. Some prospects of ionization injection for practical applications in laser wakefield accelerators are also discussed.

KW - medical and radiation physics

KW - nuclear medicine

KW - biomedical engineering

KW - particle acceleration

KW - beam physics

KW - laser pulse

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31563-8

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-31563-8_7

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-31563-8_7

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9783319315614

T3 - Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering

SP - 163

EP - 182

BT - Laser-Driven Particle Acceleration Towards Radiobiology and Medicine

A2 - Giulietti, Antonio

PB - Springer

CY - Cham, Switzerland

ER -

Chen M, Sheng Z-M. Ionization induced electron injection in laser wakefield acceleration. In Giulietti A, editor, Laser-Driven Particle Acceleration Towards Radiobiology and Medicine. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. 2016. p. 163-182. (Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31563-8_7