Ion exchange and structural ageing in the layered perovskite phases H1-xLixLaTiO4

Thomas Yip, Eddie Cussen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Grinding together the solid acid HLaTiO¬4 with stoichiometric quantities of lithium hydroxide monohydrate gives the solid solution H1-xLixLaTiO4. The structures of these crystalline phases have been refined against neutron powder diffraction data to show that all of these compounds crystallise in the centrosymmetric space group P4/nmm. The protons and lithium cations occupy sites between the perovskite layers; the former in hydroxide groups that hydrogen-bond to adjacent layers whilst Li+ is in four-coordinate sites that bridge the perovskite slabs with a geometry intermediate between square-planar and tetrahedral. The reaction proceeds rapidly but the unit cell size continues to evolve over the course of days with a gradual compression along the interlayer direction that can be modelled using a power law dependence reminiscent of an Ostwald ripening process. On heating, these materials undergo a mass loss due to dehydration but retain the layered Ruddlesden Popper structure up to 480°C before a substantial loss of crystallinity on further heating to 600°C. Impedance spectroscopy studies of the dehydrated materials shows that Li+ mobility in these materials is lower than the LiLaTiO4 end member, possibly due to microstructural effects causing large inter-grain resistance through the defective phases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6985-6993
Number of pages9
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number12
Early online date28 May 2013
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • perovskite
  • ion exchange
  • structural ageing
  • structural aging
  • layered perovskite phases


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