Investigations on melt flow rate and tensile behaviour of single, double and triple sized copper reinforced thermo-plastic composites

Balwant Singh, Raman Kumar, Jasgurpreet Singh Chohan, Sunpreet Singh, Catalin Iulian Pruncu, Maria Luminita Scutaru, Radu Muntean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Thermoplastic composite materials are emerging rapidly due to the flexibility of attaining customized mechanical and melt flow properties. Due to high ductility, toughness, recyclability, and thermal and electrical conductivity, there is ample scope of using copper particles in thermoplastics for 3d printing applications. In the present study, an attempt was made to investigate the Melt Flow Index (MFI), tensile strength, and electrical and thermal conductivity of nylon 6 and ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) thermoplastics reinforced with copper particles. Thus, the experiments were conducted by adding different-sized copper particles (100 mesh, 200 mesh, and 400 mesh) in variable compositions (0% to 10%) to ABS and nylon 6 matrix. The impact of single, double, and triple particle-sized copper particles on MFI was experimentally investigated followed by FTIR and SEM analysis. Also, the tensile, electrical, and thermal conductivity testing were done on filament made by different compositions. In general, higher fluidity and mechanical strength were obtained while using smaller particles even with higher concentrations (upto 8%) due to improved bonding strength and adhesion between the molecular chains. Moreover, thermal and electrical conductivity was improved with an increase in concentration of copper particles.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3504
Number of pages33
JournalMaterials
Volume14
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • polymer matrix composites (PMCs)
  • melt flow index
  • nylon 6
  • ABS
  • copper particles

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