Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is a common problem with a prevalence of about 38/1000 among women aged 20–50 years. The main gynaecological diagnoses include endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease and adhesions. The most common gastrointestinal diagnosis is irritable bowel syndrome and genitourinary diagnosis includes pathology such as interstitial cystitis. It is a challenge instigating the right investigations for patients with chronic pelvic pain because there is a considerable symptom overlap. They also have a higher prevalence for symptoms such as dysmenorrhea and dyspareunia. In this review, we aim to discuss the clinical consultation necessary to help us decide upon which investigative tools we need to use to help diagnose the cause(s) of CPP, although one needs to stress that a specific cause may not be found in patients with CPP and symptom focused multidisciplinary management of CPP is at least as important as diagnosis of specific pathology and disease focused treatment.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Reviews in Gynaecological Practice|
|Early online date||19 Sep 2005|
|Publication status||Published - 31 Dec 2005|
- chronic pelvic pain
- magnetic resonance imaging
- pelvic congestion syndrome