Investigation of the effect of sizing on the tensile and interface properties of continuous basalt fibre and polypropylene

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

The mechanical performance of continuous basalt fibres (BFs) and E-glass fibres (GFs) was investigated using single fibre tensile and microbond interface testing. Fibre surface topography was also studied, using atomic force microscopy. Continuous fibres of identical compositions with various surface sizings were used; interfacial shear strength was investigated using polypropylene (PP) matrix. Data were analysed alongside E-glass fibres with similar surface coatings. The tensile performance of basalt fibres varied significantly depending on the surface sizing applied at point of manufacture but little to no difference was found compared with the similarly sized E-glass fibres. The apparent interfacial shear strength (IFSS) between BFs and PP was significantly improved when sizing was applied. Both unsized BF and GF demonstrated very poor IFSS with PP but the application of silane to GFs produced a significantly greater improvement in the apparent adhesion. Characteristic differences in the surfaces of both unsized and silane-coated BFs and GFs were found by AFM analysis.

Conference

ConferenceECCM18 - 18th European Conference on Composite Materials
CountryGreece
CityAthens
Period24/06/1828/06/18
Internet address

Fingerprint

Basalt
Polypropylenes
Fibers
Shear strength
Glass fibers
Silanes
basalt
Surface topography
Atomic force microscopy
Adhesion
Coatings
Testing
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • composites
  • basalt fibre
  • polypropylene
  • interface strength
  • AFM imaging
  • tensile properties
  • surface topography

Cite this

@conference{fb0a61afe61442d292f93d826ed15012,
title = "Investigation of the effect of sizing on the tensile and interface properties of continuous basalt fibre and polypropylene",
abstract = "The mechanical performance of continuous basalt fibres (BFs) and E-glass fibres (GFs) was investigated using single fibre tensile and microbond interface testing. Fibre surface topography was also studied, using atomic force microscopy. Continuous fibres of identical compositions with various surface sizings were used; interfacial shear strength was investigated using polypropylene (PP) matrix. Data were analysed alongside E-glass fibres with similar surface coatings. The tensile performance of basalt fibres varied significantly depending on the surface sizing applied at point of manufacture but little to no difference was found compared with the similarly sized E-glass fibres. The apparent interfacial shear strength (IFSS) between BFs and PP was significantly improved when sizing was applied. Both unsized BF and GF demonstrated very poor IFSS with PP but the application of silane to GFs produced a significantly greater improvement in the apparent adhesion. Characteristic differences in the surfaces of both unsized and silane-coated BFs and GFs were found by AFM analysis.",
keywords = "composites, basalt fibre, polypropylene, interface strength, AFM imaging, tensile properties, surface topography",
author = "Jenkins, {Peter G.} and Liu Yang and Thomason, {James L.}",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "25",
language = "English",
note = "ECCM18 - 18th European Conference on Composite Materials ; Conference date: 24-06-2018 Through 28-06-2018",
url = "http://www.eccm18.org/",

}

Jenkins, PG, Yang, L & Thomason, JL 2018, 'Investigation of the effect of sizing on the tensile and interface properties of continuous basalt fibre and polypropylene' Paper presented at ECCM18 - 18th European Conference on Composite Materials, Athens, Greece, 24/06/18 - 28/06/18, .

Investigation of the effect of sizing on the tensile and interface properties of continuous basalt fibre and polypropylene. / Jenkins, Peter G.; Yang, Liu; Thomason, James L.

2018. Paper presented at ECCM18 - 18th European Conference on Composite Materials, Athens, Greece.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Investigation of the effect of sizing on the tensile and interface properties of continuous basalt fibre and polypropylene

AU - Jenkins, Peter G.

AU - Yang, Liu

AU - Thomason, James L.

PY - 2018/6/25

Y1 - 2018/6/25

N2 - The mechanical performance of continuous basalt fibres (BFs) and E-glass fibres (GFs) was investigated using single fibre tensile and microbond interface testing. Fibre surface topography was also studied, using atomic force microscopy. Continuous fibres of identical compositions with various surface sizings were used; interfacial shear strength was investigated using polypropylene (PP) matrix. Data were analysed alongside E-glass fibres with similar surface coatings. The tensile performance of basalt fibres varied significantly depending on the surface sizing applied at point of manufacture but little to no difference was found compared with the similarly sized E-glass fibres. The apparent interfacial shear strength (IFSS) between BFs and PP was significantly improved when sizing was applied. Both unsized BF and GF demonstrated very poor IFSS with PP but the application of silane to GFs produced a significantly greater improvement in the apparent adhesion. Characteristic differences in the surfaces of both unsized and silane-coated BFs and GFs were found by AFM analysis.

AB - The mechanical performance of continuous basalt fibres (BFs) and E-glass fibres (GFs) was investigated using single fibre tensile and microbond interface testing. Fibre surface topography was also studied, using atomic force microscopy. Continuous fibres of identical compositions with various surface sizings were used; interfacial shear strength was investigated using polypropylene (PP) matrix. Data were analysed alongside E-glass fibres with similar surface coatings. The tensile performance of basalt fibres varied significantly depending on the surface sizing applied at point of manufacture but little to no difference was found compared with the similarly sized E-glass fibres. The apparent interfacial shear strength (IFSS) between BFs and PP was significantly improved when sizing was applied. Both unsized BF and GF demonstrated very poor IFSS with PP but the application of silane to GFs produced a significantly greater improvement in the apparent adhesion. Characteristic differences in the surfaces of both unsized and silane-coated BFs and GFs were found by AFM analysis.

KW - composites

KW - basalt fibre

KW - polypropylene

KW - interface strength

KW - AFM imaging

KW - tensile properties

KW - surface topography

UR - http://athenscvb.gr/en/content/18-european-conference-composite-materials-eccm-18

M3 - Paper

ER -

Jenkins PG, Yang L, Thomason JL. Investigation of the effect of sizing on the tensile and interface properties of continuous basalt fibre and polypropylene. 2018. Paper presented at ECCM18 - 18th European Conference on Composite Materials, Athens, Greece.