Investigation of impulsive corona discharges for energisation of electrostatic precipitation systems

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

Various industrial and domestic processes as well as developing nano-technologies generate micron and sub-micron particles. This phenomenon is more prevalent in large cities where population density and industrial activities are much higher, meaning that a large percentage of the world population is being exposed to everyday inhalation of particulate matter (PM). This may result in negative health effects, many of which are not investigated fully yet.
The current research project is focused on the development of a small scale impulsive micro- electrostatic precipitator (IMP) for the removal of PM at homes or in public environments, being small in contrast with the industrial ones. This IMP will implement superimposed DC and sub-microsecond electric fields in order to charge and remove PM efficiently. As the impulse breakdown voltage in a gap is much greater than the DC one, the IMP will also avoid operating close to DC breakdown voltage levels. The designed IMP system composes of a plasma-generation and particle-collection electrodes. For the former, threaded rods of 3 and 6mm have been used as well as a smooth 1.5mm one, while the latter consists of a stainless-steel tube of 28mm internal diameter. The rods were placed coaxially into the tube, with the particle laden air flowing homogenously from the top to the bottom of the reactor. The transmission line based pulse generator developed is able to produce 270ns pulses with frequency of up to 100Hz. The efficiency of precipitation of micron sized particles was evaluated for different DC and impulse voltage levels by measurements of mass of collected particles. Breakdown voltage, corona initiation voltage and parameters of impulse coronas have been obtained under different energisation regimes. Precipitation experimental results showed that the positive or negative charging regimes play an important role in the system efficiency. The ultimate objective of this research project is to investigate precipitation levels of PM2.5, which constitutes a range of lower precipitation efficiency for available ESPs, as well as potential microbiological decontamination efficiency of impulsive non-thermal plasmas.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event4th UHVnet Colloquium - Southampton, United Kingdom
Duration: 18 Jan 201119 Jan 2012

Conference

Conference4th UHVnet Colloquium
CountryUnited Kingdom
CitySouthampton
Period18/01/1119/01/12

Fingerprint

electric corona
electrostatic precipitators
electrostatics
direct current
electrical faults
particulates
impulses
research projects
coronas
rods
tubes
decontamination
plasma generators
pulse generators
respiration
electric potential
nanotechnology
transmission lines
health
charging

Keywords

  • electrostatic precipitation
  • pulsed power
  • corona discharges

Cite this

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title = "Investigation of impulsive corona discharges for energisation of electrostatic precipitation systems",
abstract = "Various industrial and domestic processes as well as developing nano-technologies generate micron and sub-micron particles. This phenomenon is more prevalent in large cities where population density and industrial activities are much higher, meaning that a large percentage of the world population is being exposed to everyday inhalation of particulate matter (PM). This may result in negative health effects, many of which are not investigated fully yet.The current research project is focused on the development of a small scale impulsive micro- electrostatic precipitator (IMP) for the removal of PM at homes or in public environments, being small in contrast with the industrial ones. This IMP will implement superimposed DC and sub-microsecond electric fields in order to charge and remove PM efficiently. As the impulse breakdown voltage in a gap is much greater than the DC one, the IMP will also avoid operating close to DC breakdown voltage levels. The designed IMP system composes of a plasma-generation and particle-collection electrodes. For the former, threaded rods of 3 and 6mm have been used as well as a smooth 1.5mm one, while the latter consists of a stainless-steel tube of 28mm internal diameter. The rods were placed coaxially into the tube, with the particle laden air flowing homogenously from the top to the bottom of the reactor. The transmission line based pulse generator developed is able to produce 270ns pulses with frequency of up to 100Hz. The efficiency of precipitation of micron sized particles was evaluated for different DC and impulse voltage levels by measurements of mass of collected particles. Breakdown voltage, corona initiation voltage and parameters of impulse coronas have been obtained under different energisation regimes. Precipitation experimental results showed that the positive or negative charging regimes play an important role in the system efficiency. The ultimate objective of this research project is to investigate precipitation levels of PM2.5, which constitutes a range of lower precipitation efficiency for available ESPs, as well as potential microbiological decontamination efficiency of impulsive non-thermal plasmas.",
keywords = "electrostatic precipitation, pulsed power, corona discharges",
author = "Athanasios Mermigkas and Igor Timoshkin and Scott Macgregor and M Given and Mark Wilson and Tao Wang",
year = "2011",
language = "English",
pages = "1",
note = "4th UHVnet Colloquium ; Conference date: 18-01-2011 Through 19-01-2012",

}

Investigation of impulsive corona discharges for energisation of electrostatic precipitation systems. / Mermigkas, Athanasios; Timoshkin, Igor; Macgregor, Scott; Given, M; Wilson, Mark; Wang, Tao.

2011. 1 Poster session presented at 4th UHVnet Colloquium, Southampton, United Kingdom.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

TY - CONF

T1 - Investigation of impulsive corona discharges for energisation of electrostatic precipitation systems

AU - Mermigkas, Athanasios

AU - Timoshkin, Igor

AU - Macgregor, Scott

AU - Given, M

AU - Wilson, Mark

AU - Wang, Tao

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Various industrial and domestic processes as well as developing nano-technologies generate micron and sub-micron particles. This phenomenon is more prevalent in large cities where population density and industrial activities are much higher, meaning that a large percentage of the world population is being exposed to everyday inhalation of particulate matter (PM). This may result in negative health effects, many of which are not investigated fully yet.The current research project is focused on the development of a small scale impulsive micro- electrostatic precipitator (IMP) for the removal of PM at homes or in public environments, being small in contrast with the industrial ones. This IMP will implement superimposed DC and sub-microsecond electric fields in order to charge and remove PM efficiently. As the impulse breakdown voltage in a gap is much greater than the DC one, the IMP will also avoid operating close to DC breakdown voltage levels. The designed IMP system composes of a plasma-generation and particle-collection electrodes. For the former, threaded rods of 3 and 6mm have been used as well as a smooth 1.5mm one, while the latter consists of a stainless-steel tube of 28mm internal diameter. The rods were placed coaxially into the tube, with the particle laden air flowing homogenously from the top to the bottom of the reactor. The transmission line based pulse generator developed is able to produce 270ns pulses with frequency of up to 100Hz. The efficiency of precipitation of micron sized particles was evaluated for different DC and impulse voltage levels by measurements of mass of collected particles. Breakdown voltage, corona initiation voltage and parameters of impulse coronas have been obtained under different energisation regimes. Precipitation experimental results showed that the positive or negative charging regimes play an important role in the system efficiency. The ultimate objective of this research project is to investigate precipitation levels of PM2.5, which constitutes a range of lower precipitation efficiency for available ESPs, as well as potential microbiological decontamination efficiency of impulsive non-thermal plasmas.

AB - Various industrial and domestic processes as well as developing nano-technologies generate micron and sub-micron particles. This phenomenon is more prevalent in large cities where population density and industrial activities are much higher, meaning that a large percentage of the world population is being exposed to everyday inhalation of particulate matter (PM). This may result in negative health effects, many of which are not investigated fully yet.The current research project is focused on the development of a small scale impulsive micro- electrostatic precipitator (IMP) for the removal of PM at homes or in public environments, being small in contrast with the industrial ones. This IMP will implement superimposed DC and sub-microsecond electric fields in order to charge and remove PM efficiently. As the impulse breakdown voltage in a gap is much greater than the DC one, the IMP will also avoid operating close to DC breakdown voltage levels. The designed IMP system composes of a plasma-generation and particle-collection electrodes. For the former, threaded rods of 3 and 6mm have been used as well as a smooth 1.5mm one, while the latter consists of a stainless-steel tube of 28mm internal diameter. The rods were placed coaxially into the tube, with the particle laden air flowing homogenously from the top to the bottom of the reactor. The transmission line based pulse generator developed is able to produce 270ns pulses with frequency of up to 100Hz. The efficiency of precipitation of micron sized particles was evaluated for different DC and impulse voltage levels by measurements of mass of collected particles. Breakdown voltage, corona initiation voltage and parameters of impulse coronas have been obtained under different energisation regimes. Precipitation experimental results showed that the positive or negative charging regimes play an important role in the system efficiency. The ultimate objective of this research project is to investigate precipitation levels of PM2.5, which constitutes a range of lower precipitation efficiency for available ESPs, as well as potential microbiological decontamination efficiency of impulsive non-thermal plasmas.

KW - electrostatic precipitation

KW - pulsed power

KW - corona discharges

UR - http://www.uhvnet.org.uk/downloads/UHVnetTechnicalProgramDraft10122010.pdf

M3 - Poster

SP - 1

ER -