Investigation of hippocampal synaptic transmission and plasticity in mice deficient in the actin-binding protein Drebrin

Claudia G. Willmes, Till G. A. Mack, Julia Ledderose, Dietmar Schmitz, Christian Wozny, Britta J. Eickholt

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Abstract

The dynamic regulation of the actin cytoskeleton plays a key role in controlling the structure and function of synapses. It is vital for activity-dependent modulation of synaptic transmission and long-term changes in synaptic morphology associated with memory consolidation. Several regulators of actin dynamics at the synapse have been identified, of which a salient one is the postsynaptic actin stabilising protein Drebrin (DBN). It has been suggested that DBN modulates neurotransmission and changes in dendritic spine morphology
associated with synaptic plasticity. Given that a decrease in DBN levels is correlated with cognitive deficits associated with ageing and dementia, it was hypothesised that DBN protein abundance instructs the integrity and function of synapses. We created a novel DBN deficient mouse line. Analysis of gross brain and neuronal morphology revealed no phenotype in the absence of DBN. Electrophysiological recordings in acute hippocampal slices and primary hippocampal neuronal cultures showed that basal synaptic transmission, and both long-term and homeostatic synaptic plasticity were unchanged, suggesting that loss of DBN is not sufficient in inducing synapse dysfunction. We propose that the overall lack of changes in synaptic function and plasticity in DBN
deficient mice may indicate robust compensatory mechanisms that safeguard cytoskeleton dynamics at the synapse.
Original languageEnglish
Article number42652
Number of pages11
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2017

Keywords

  • drebrin
  • hippocampus
  • knock-out
  • long-term plasticity
  • synaptic transmission
  • synaptic plasticity

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