Investigating the effects of a combined spatial and spectral dimensionality reduction approach for aerial hyperspectral target detection applications

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Abstract

Target detection and classification is an important application of hyperspectral imaging in remote sensing. A wide range of algorithms for target detection in hyperspectral images have been developed in the last few decades. Given the nature of hyperspectral images, they exhibit large quantities of redundant information and are therefore compressible. Dimensionality reduction is an effective means of both compressing and denoising data. Although spectral dimensionality reduction is prevalent in hyperspectral target detection applications, the spatial redundancy of a scene is rarely exploited. By applying simple spatial masking techniques as a preprocessing step to disregard pixels of definite disinterest, the subsequent spectral dimensionality reduction process is simpler, less costly and more informative. This paper proposes a processing pipeline to compress hyperspectral images both spatially and spectrally before applying target detection algorithms to the resultant scene. The combination of several different spectral dimensionality reduction methods and target detection algorithms, within the proposed pipeline, are evaluated. We find that the Adaptive Cosine Estimator produces an improved F1 score and Matthews Correlation Coefficient when compared to unprocessed data. We also show that by using the proposed pipeline the data can be compressed by over 90% and target detection performance is maintained.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1647
Number of pages25
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume13
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Apr 2021

Keywords

  • hyperspectral image processing
  • dimensionality reduction
  • feature extraction
  • target detection

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