Introducing the STAMP method in road tunnel safety assessment

Konstantinos Kazaras, Konstantinos Kirytopoulos, Athanasios Rentizelas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

After the tremendous accidents in European road tunnels over the past decade, many risk assessment methods have been proposed worldwide, most of them based on Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA). Although QRAs are helpful to address physical aspects and facilities of tunnels, current approaches in the road tunnel field have limitations to model organizational aspects, software behavior and the adaptation of the tunnel system over time. This paper reviews the aforementioned limitations and highlights the need to enhance the safety assessment process of these critical infrastructures with a complementary approach that links the organizational factors to the operational and technical issues, analyze software behavior and models the dynamics of the tunnel system. To achieve this objective, this paper examines the scope for introducing a safety assessment method which is based on the systems thinking paradigm and draws upon the STAMP model. The method proposed is demonstrated through a case study of a tunnel ventilation system and the results show that it has the potential to identify scenarios that encompass both the technical system and the organizational structure. However, since the method does not provide quantitative estimations of risk, it is recommended to be used as a complementary approach to the traditional risk assessments rather than as an alternative. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1806–1817
Number of pages12
JournalSafety Science
Volume50
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012

Fingerprint

Tunnels
road
Safety
risk assessment
Risk assessment
Software
Organizational Models
Process Assessment (Health Care)
Systems Analysis
Physical addresses
organizational model
Accidents
Ventilation
Critical infrastructures
organizational structure
accident
Telecommunication links
infrastructure
paradigm
scenario

Keywords

  • systems
  • management
  • risk assessment
  • STAMP
  • perspective
  • road tunnels
  • barriers
  • installations
  • systems theory
  • quantitative risk assessment
  • safety assessment

Cite this

Kazaras, Konstantinos ; Kirytopoulos, Konstantinos ; Rentizelas, Athanasios. / Introducing the STAMP method in road tunnel safety assessment. In: Safety Science. 2012 ; Vol. 50, No. 9. pp. 1806–1817.
@article{a72518aa85e8433486c25aad218fafdb,
title = "Introducing the STAMP method in road tunnel safety assessment",
abstract = "After the tremendous accidents in European road tunnels over the past decade, many risk assessment methods have been proposed worldwide, most of them based on Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA). Although QRAs are helpful to address physical aspects and facilities of tunnels, current approaches in the road tunnel field have limitations to model organizational aspects, software behavior and the adaptation of the tunnel system over time. This paper reviews the aforementioned limitations and highlights the need to enhance the safety assessment process of these critical infrastructures with a complementary approach that links the organizational factors to the operational and technical issues, analyze software behavior and models the dynamics of the tunnel system. To achieve this objective, this paper examines the scope for introducing a safety assessment method which is based on the systems thinking paradigm and draws upon the STAMP model. The method proposed is demonstrated through a case study of a tunnel ventilation system and the results show that it has the potential to identify scenarios that encompass both the technical system and the organizational structure. However, since the method does not provide quantitative estimations of risk, it is recommended to be used as a complementary approach to the traditional risk assessments rather than as an alternative. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "systems, management, risk assessment, STAMP, perspective, road tunnels, barriers, installations, systems theory, quantitative risk assessment, safety assessment",
author = "Konstantinos Kazaras and Konstantinos Kirytopoulos and Athanasios Rentizelas",
year = "2012",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/j.ssci.2012.04.013",
language = "English",
volume = "50",
pages = "1806–1817",
journal = "Safety Science",
issn = "0925-7535",
number = "9",

}

Introducing the STAMP method in road tunnel safety assessment. / Kazaras, Konstantinos; Kirytopoulos, Konstantinos; Rentizelas, Athanasios.

In: Safety Science, Vol. 50, No. 9, 11.2012, p. 1806–1817.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Introducing the STAMP method in road tunnel safety assessment

AU - Kazaras, Konstantinos

AU - Kirytopoulos, Konstantinos

AU - Rentizelas, Athanasios

PY - 2012/11

Y1 - 2012/11

N2 - After the tremendous accidents in European road tunnels over the past decade, many risk assessment methods have been proposed worldwide, most of them based on Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA). Although QRAs are helpful to address physical aspects and facilities of tunnels, current approaches in the road tunnel field have limitations to model organizational aspects, software behavior and the adaptation of the tunnel system over time. This paper reviews the aforementioned limitations and highlights the need to enhance the safety assessment process of these critical infrastructures with a complementary approach that links the organizational factors to the operational and technical issues, analyze software behavior and models the dynamics of the tunnel system. To achieve this objective, this paper examines the scope for introducing a safety assessment method which is based on the systems thinking paradigm and draws upon the STAMP model. The method proposed is demonstrated through a case study of a tunnel ventilation system and the results show that it has the potential to identify scenarios that encompass both the technical system and the organizational structure. However, since the method does not provide quantitative estimations of risk, it is recommended to be used as a complementary approach to the traditional risk assessments rather than as an alternative. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

AB - After the tremendous accidents in European road tunnels over the past decade, many risk assessment methods have been proposed worldwide, most of them based on Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA). Although QRAs are helpful to address physical aspects and facilities of tunnels, current approaches in the road tunnel field have limitations to model organizational aspects, software behavior and the adaptation of the tunnel system over time. This paper reviews the aforementioned limitations and highlights the need to enhance the safety assessment process of these critical infrastructures with a complementary approach that links the organizational factors to the operational and technical issues, analyze software behavior and models the dynamics of the tunnel system. To achieve this objective, this paper examines the scope for introducing a safety assessment method which is based on the systems thinking paradigm and draws upon the STAMP model. The method proposed is demonstrated through a case study of a tunnel ventilation system and the results show that it has the potential to identify scenarios that encompass both the technical system and the organizational structure. However, since the method does not provide quantitative estimations of risk, it is recommended to be used as a complementary approach to the traditional risk assessments rather than as an alternative. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KW - systems

KW - management

KW - risk assessment

KW - STAMP

KW - perspective

KW - road tunnels

KW - barriers

KW - installations

KW - systems theory

KW - quantitative risk assessment

KW - safety assessment

U2 - 10.1016/j.ssci.2012.04.013

DO - 10.1016/j.ssci.2012.04.013

M3 - Article

VL - 50

SP - 1806

EP - 1817

JO - Safety Science

T2 - Safety Science

JF - Safety Science

SN - 0925-7535

IS - 9

ER -