Projects per year
Herein we demonstrate the expansion of the range of specific SERS-active oligonucleotide MNPs through the use of 12 new Raman-active monomethine and trimethine chalcogenopyrylium and benzochalcogenopyrylium derivatives. This has resulted in an increased ability to carry out multiplexed analysis beyond the current small pool of resonant and non-resonant Raman active molecules, that have been used with oligonucleotide functionalised nanoparticles.
Each dye examined here contains a variation of sulphur and selenium atoms in the heterocyclic core, together with phenyl, 2-thienyl, or 2-selenophenyl substituents on the 2,2’,6, and 6’ positions of the chalcogenopyrylium dyes and 2 and 2’ positions of the benzochalcogenopyrylium dyes. The intensity of SERS obtained from each dye upon conjugate hybridisation with a complementary single stranded piece of DNA was explored. Differing concentrations of each dye (1000, 3000, 5000 and 7000 equivalents per NP-DNA conjugate) were used to understand the effects of Raman reporter coating on the overall Raman intensity. It was discovered that dye concentration did not affect the target/control ratio, which remained relatively constant throughout and that a lower concentration of Raman reporter was favourable in order to avoid NP instability.
A relationship between the dye structure and SERS intensity was discovered, leaving scope for future development of specific dyes containing substituents favourable for discrimination in a multiplex by SERS. Methine dyes containing S and Se in the backbone and at least 2 phenyls as substituents give the highest SERS signal following DNA-induced aggregation. Principal component analysis (PCA) was performed on the data to show differentiation between the dye classes and highlight possible future multiplexing capabilities of the 12 investigated dyes.
- metallic nanoparticles
- detection of disease-specific DNA
- surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)
1/05/14 → 31/10/18
1/06/12 → 30/06/15
Pala, L. (Creator), Mabbott, S. (Creator), Thompson, D. (Contributor), Narayana Mudalige, S. (Contributor), Bedics, M. A. (Contributor), Detty, M. R. (Contributor) & Graham, D. (Supervisor), University of Strathclyde, 2015