Intonation patterns in older children with cerebral palsy before and after speech intervention

Anja Kuschmann, Nick Miller, Anja Lowit, Lindsay Pennington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This paper examined the production of intonation patterns in children with developmental dysarthria associated with cerebral palsy (CP) prior to and after speech intervention focussing on respiration and phonation. The study further sought to establish whether intonation performance might be related to changes in speech intelligibility. Method: Intonation patterns were examined using connected speech samples of 15 older children with moderate to severe developmental dysarthria due to CP (9 females; age range: 11-18). Recordings were made prior to and after speech intervention based on a systems approach. Analyses focused on use of intonation patterns, pitch accentuation and phrasing.
Result: Group analyses showed a significant increase in the use of rising intonation patterns after intervention. There were also some indications that this increase might have been related to gains in speech intelligibility for some of the children. No changes were observed regarding pitch accentuation and phrasing following intervention. Conclusion: The findings highlight that changes can occur in the use of intonation patterns in children with dysarthria and CP following speech systems intervention. It is hypothesised that the emergence of the rising pattern in some of the children’s intonational inventories possibly reflected improved breath support and control of laryngeal muscles.
LanguageEnglish
Pages370-380
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Speech-Language Pathology
Volume19
Issue number4
Early online date5 Oct 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Oct 2016

Fingerprint

Cerebral Palsy
Dysarthria
Speech Intelligibility
Laryngeal Muscles
Phonation
Systems Analysis
Respiration
Intonation
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • intonation
  • cerebral palsy
  • developmental dysarthria
  • speech therapy
  • speech intervention

Cite this

@article{f9549c3372f24618a2810dbe9ad83850,
title = "Intonation patterns in older children with cerebral palsy before and after speech intervention",
abstract = "Purpose: This paper examined the production of intonation patterns in children with developmental dysarthria associated with cerebral palsy (CP) prior to and after speech intervention focussing on respiration and phonation. The study further sought to establish whether intonation performance might be related to changes in speech intelligibility. Method: Intonation patterns were examined using connected speech samples of 15 older children with moderate to severe developmental dysarthria due to CP (9 females; age range: 11-18). Recordings were made prior to and after speech intervention based on a systems approach. Analyses focused on use of intonation patterns, pitch accentuation and phrasing. Result: Group analyses showed a significant increase in the use of rising intonation patterns after intervention. There were also some indications that this increase might have been related to gains in speech intelligibility for some of the children. No changes were observed regarding pitch accentuation and phrasing following intervention. Conclusion: The findings highlight that changes can occur in the use of intonation patterns in children with dysarthria and CP following speech systems intervention. It is hypothesised that the emergence of the rising pattern in some of the children’s intonational inventories possibly reflected improved breath support and control of laryngeal muscles.",
keywords = "intonation, cerebral palsy, developmental dysarthria, speech therapy, speech intervention",
author = "Anja Kuschmann and Nick Miller and Anja Lowit and Lindsay Pennington",
note = "This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology on 05/10/2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17549507.2016.1216601",
year = "2016",
month = "10",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1080/17549507.2016.1216601",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "370--380",
journal = "International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology",
issn = "1754-9507",
number = "4",

}

Intonation patterns in older children with cerebral palsy before and after speech intervention. / Kuschmann, Anja; Miller, Nick; Lowit, Anja; Pennington, Lindsay .

In: International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology , Vol. 19, No. 4, 05.10.2016, p. 370-380.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intonation patterns in older children with cerebral palsy before and after speech intervention

AU - Kuschmann, Anja

AU - Miller, Nick

AU - Lowit, Anja

AU - Pennington, Lindsay

N1 - This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology on 05/10/2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17549507.2016.1216601

PY - 2016/10/5

Y1 - 2016/10/5

N2 - Purpose: This paper examined the production of intonation patterns in children with developmental dysarthria associated with cerebral palsy (CP) prior to and after speech intervention focussing on respiration and phonation. The study further sought to establish whether intonation performance might be related to changes in speech intelligibility. Method: Intonation patterns were examined using connected speech samples of 15 older children with moderate to severe developmental dysarthria due to CP (9 females; age range: 11-18). Recordings were made prior to and after speech intervention based on a systems approach. Analyses focused on use of intonation patterns, pitch accentuation and phrasing. Result: Group analyses showed a significant increase in the use of rising intonation patterns after intervention. There were also some indications that this increase might have been related to gains in speech intelligibility for some of the children. No changes were observed regarding pitch accentuation and phrasing following intervention. Conclusion: The findings highlight that changes can occur in the use of intonation patterns in children with dysarthria and CP following speech systems intervention. It is hypothesised that the emergence of the rising pattern in some of the children’s intonational inventories possibly reflected improved breath support and control of laryngeal muscles.

AB - Purpose: This paper examined the production of intonation patterns in children with developmental dysarthria associated with cerebral palsy (CP) prior to and after speech intervention focussing on respiration and phonation. The study further sought to establish whether intonation performance might be related to changes in speech intelligibility. Method: Intonation patterns were examined using connected speech samples of 15 older children with moderate to severe developmental dysarthria due to CP (9 females; age range: 11-18). Recordings were made prior to and after speech intervention based on a systems approach. Analyses focused on use of intonation patterns, pitch accentuation and phrasing. Result: Group analyses showed a significant increase in the use of rising intonation patterns after intervention. There were also some indications that this increase might have been related to gains in speech intelligibility for some of the children. No changes were observed regarding pitch accentuation and phrasing following intervention. Conclusion: The findings highlight that changes can occur in the use of intonation patterns in children with dysarthria and CP following speech systems intervention. It is hypothesised that the emergence of the rising pattern in some of the children’s intonational inventories possibly reflected improved breath support and control of laryngeal muscles.

KW - intonation

KW - cerebral palsy

KW - developmental dysarthria

KW - speech therapy

KW - speech intervention

UR - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17549507.2016.1216601

U2 - 10.1080/17549507.2016.1216601

DO - 10.1080/17549507.2016.1216601

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 370

EP - 380

JO - International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology

T2 - International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology

JF - International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology

SN - 1754-9507

IS - 4

ER -