Interoperability and integration testing methods for IoT systems: a systematic mapping study

Miroslav Bureš, Matej Klima, Vaclav Rechtberger, Xavier Bellekens, Christos Tachtatzis, Robert Atkinson, Bestoun S. Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


The recent active development of Internet of Things (IoT) solutions in various domains has led to an increased demand for security, safety, and reliability of these systems. Security and data privacy are currently the most frequently discussed topics; however, other reliability aspects also need to be focused on to maintain smooth and safe operation of IoT systems. Until now, there has been no systematic mapping study dedicated to the topic of interoperability and integration testing of IoT systems specifically; therefore, we present such an overview in this study. We analyze 803 papers from four major primary databases and perform detailed assessment and quality check to find 115 relevant papers. In addition, recently published testing techniques and approaches are anayzed and classified; the challenges and limitations in the field are also identified and discussed. Research trends related to publication time, active researchers, and publication media are presented in this study. The results suggest that studies mainly focus only on general testing methods, which can be applied to integration and interoperability testing of IoT systems; thus, there are research opportunities to develop additional testing methods focused specifically on IoT systems, so that they are more effective in the IoT context.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished - 18 Sep 2020
EventSoftware Engineering and Formal Methods - Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 14 Sep 202018 Sep 2020
Conference number: 18


ConferenceSoftware Engineering and Formal Methods
Abbreviated titleSEFM
Internet address


  • internet of things (IoT)
  • testing
  • verification
  • integration
  • interoperability
  • automated testing

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    Bureš, M., Klima, M., Rechtberger, V., Bellekens, X., Tachtatzis, C., Atkinson, R., & Ahmed, B. S. (2020). Interoperability and integration testing methods for IoT systems: a systematic mapping study. Paper presented at Software Engineering and Formal Methods, Amsterdam, Netherlands.