International vs. domestic bioenergy supply chains for co-firing plants: the role of pre-treatment technologies

Caterina Mauro, Athanasios A. Rentizelas, Damiana Chinese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Co-firing of solid biomass in existing large scale coal power plants has been supported in many countries as a short-term means to decrease CO2 emissions and rapidly increase renewable energy shares. However, many countries face challenges guaranteeing sufficient amounts of biomass through reliable domestic biomass supply chains and resort to international supply chains. Within this frame, novel pre-treatment technologies, particularly pelletization and torrefaction, emerged in recent years to facilitate logistics by improving the durability and the energy density of solid biomass. This paper aims to evaluate these pre-treatment technologies from a techno-economic and environmental point of view for two reference coal power plants located in Great Britain and in Italy. Logistics costs and carbon emissions are modelled for both international and domestic biomass supply chains. The impact of pre-treatment technologies on carbon emission avoidance costs is evaluated. It is demonstrated that, for both cases, pre-treatment technologies are hardly viable for domestic supply. However, pre-treatment technologies are found to render most international bioenergy supply chains competitive with domestic ones, especially if sourcing areas are located in low labour cost countries. In many cases, pre-treatment technologies are found to guarantee similar CO2 equivalent emissions performance for international compared to domestic supply chains
LanguageEnglish
Pages712-730
Number of pages9
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume119
Early online date29 Dec 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

Fingerprint

bioenergy
Supply chains
supply
Biomass
power plant
coal
Logistics
Power plants
logistics
Coal
Costs
Carbon
labor costs
renewable energy
costs
guarantee
Durability
Italy
Personnel
energy

Keywords

  • biomass supply chain
  • international logistics
  • carbon equivalent emissions
  • torrefaction
  • pelletization
  • bioenergy
  • co-firing

Cite this

@article{bb33b9502d154068b3dcf3b623781326,
title = "International vs. domestic bioenergy supply chains for co-firing plants: the role of pre-treatment technologies",
abstract = "Co-firing of solid biomass in existing large scale coal power plants has been supported in many countries as a short-term means to decrease CO2 emissions and rapidly increase renewable energy shares. However, many countries face challenges guaranteeing sufficient amounts of biomass through reliable domestic biomass supply chains and resort to international supply chains. Within this frame, novel pre-treatment technologies, particularly pelletization and torrefaction, emerged in recent years to facilitate logistics by improving the durability and the energy density of solid biomass. This paper aims to evaluate these pre-treatment technologies from a techno-economic and environmental point of view for two reference coal power plants located in Great Britain and in Italy. Logistics costs and carbon emissions are modelled for both international and domestic biomass supply chains. The impact of pre-treatment technologies on carbon emission avoidance costs is evaluated. It is demonstrated that, for both cases, pre-treatment technologies are hardly viable for domestic supply. However, pre-treatment technologies are found to render most international bioenergy supply chains competitive with domestic ones, especially if sourcing areas are located in low labour cost countries. In many cases, pre-treatment technologies are found to guarantee similar CO2 equivalent emissions performance for international compared to domestic supply chains",
keywords = "biomass supply chain, international logistics, carbon equivalent emissions, torrefaction, pelletization, bioenergy, co-firing",
author = "Caterina Mauro and Rentizelas, {Athanasios A.} and Damiana Chinese",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.renene.2017.12.034",
language = "English",
volume = "119",
pages = "712--730",
journal = "Renewable Energy",
issn = "0960-1481",

}

International vs. domestic bioenergy supply chains for co-firing plants : the role of pre-treatment technologies. / Mauro, Caterina; Rentizelas, Athanasios A.; Chinese, Damiana.

In: Renewable Energy, Vol. 119, 01.04.2018, p. 712-730.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - International vs. domestic bioenergy supply chains for co-firing plants

T2 - Renewable Energy

AU - Mauro, Caterina

AU - Rentizelas, Athanasios A.

AU - Chinese, Damiana

PY - 2018/4/1

Y1 - 2018/4/1

N2 - Co-firing of solid biomass in existing large scale coal power plants has been supported in many countries as a short-term means to decrease CO2 emissions and rapidly increase renewable energy shares. However, many countries face challenges guaranteeing sufficient amounts of biomass through reliable domestic biomass supply chains and resort to international supply chains. Within this frame, novel pre-treatment technologies, particularly pelletization and torrefaction, emerged in recent years to facilitate logistics by improving the durability and the energy density of solid biomass. This paper aims to evaluate these pre-treatment technologies from a techno-economic and environmental point of view for two reference coal power plants located in Great Britain and in Italy. Logistics costs and carbon emissions are modelled for both international and domestic biomass supply chains. The impact of pre-treatment technologies on carbon emission avoidance costs is evaluated. It is demonstrated that, for both cases, pre-treatment technologies are hardly viable for domestic supply. However, pre-treatment technologies are found to render most international bioenergy supply chains competitive with domestic ones, especially if sourcing areas are located in low labour cost countries. In many cases, pre-treatment technologies are found to guarantee similar CO2 equivalent emissions performance for international compared to domestic supply chains

AB - Co-firing of solid biomass in existing large scale coal power plants has been supported in many countries as a short-term means to decrease CO2 emissions and rapidly increase renewable energy shares. However, many countries face challenges guaranteeing sufficient amounts of biomass through reliable domestic biomass supply chains and resort to international supply chains. Within this frame, novel pre-treatment technologies, particularly pelletization and torrefaction, emerged in recent years to facilitate logistics by improving the durability and the energy density of solid biomass. This paper aims to evaluate these pre-treatment technologies from a techno-economic and environmental point of view for two reference coal power plants located in Great Britain and in Italy. Logistics costs and carbon emissions are modelled for both international and domestic biomass supply chains. The impact of pre-treatment technologies on carbon emission avoidance costs is evaluated. It is demonstrated that, for both cases, pre-treatment technologies are hardly viable for domestic supply. However, pre-treatment technologies are found to render most international bioenergy supply chains competitive with domestic ones, especially if sourcing areas are located in low labour cost countries. In many cases, pre-treatment technologies are found to guarantee similar CO2 equivalent emissions performance for international compared to domestic supply chains

KW - biomass supply chain

KW - international logistics

KW - carbon equivalent emissions

KW - torrefaction

KW - pelletization

KW - bioenergy

KW - co-firing

U2 - 10.1016/j.renene.2017.12.034

DO - 10.1016/j.renene.2017.12.034

M3 - Article

VL - 119

SP - 712

EP - 730

JO - Renewable Energy

JF - Renewable Energy

SN - 0960-1481

ER -