International spillover and rebound effects from increased energy efficiency in Germany

Karen Turner, Simon Koesler, Kim Swales

Research output: Contribution to conferenceSpeech


The pollution/energy leakage literature raises the concern that policies implemented in one country, such as a carbon tax or tight energy restrictions, might simply result in the reallocation of energy use to other countries. Our research addresses these concerns in the context of policies to increase energy efficiency, rather than direct action to reduce energy use. Using a global CGE simulation model, we extend the analyses of ‘economy-wide’ rebound from the national focus of previous studies to incorporate international spill-over effects from trade in goods and services. Our focus is to investigate whether these effects have the potential to increase or reduce the overall (global) rebound of local energy efficiency improvements. In the case we consider, increased energy efficiency in German production generates changes in comparative advantage that produce negative leakage effects, thereby actually rendering global rebound less than national rebound. The presentation at the ENTRACTE workshop will focus in particular on downward pressures on economy-wide rebound effects that result more generally from changes in competitiveness as well as the capacity and pricing decisions of energy suppliers.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2015
EventENTRACTE “Workshop on Policy Interactions and Overlapping Policies” - Milan, Italy
Duration: 17 Feb 201517 Feb 2015


WorkshopENTRACTE “Workshop on Policy Interactions and Overlapping Policies”


  • spillover
  • rebound effects
  • energy efficiency
  • energy supply
  • negative leakage
  • technological progress
  • manufacturing
  • modelling framework
  • domestic policies
  • household energy use


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